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Returns to New Technologies in the Australian Beef Industry: On-farm Research versus Off-farm Research

  • Zhao, Xueyan
  • Griffith, Garry R.
  • Mullen, John D.

A multi-sectoral and multi-market model of the Australian beef industry is specified using an equilibrium displacement modelling framework. The model is implemented using average price and quantity data for the period 1991-1997 and market parameter values taken from the literature, derived from theoretical restrictions or from the authors’ subjective judgement. Total returns and the distributions among various industry groups from alternate R&D and promotion investments, which result in 1% shifts in the relevant supply or demand curves, are examined. In this paper, the implications for farmers from various on-farm R&D investments (genetic research and nutrition research in backgrounding cattle for grain-finishing and in grass-finishing) and off-farm R&D investments (nutrition research for grain-finishing, research for meat processing, and research for domestic and export marketing activities) are compared and contrasted. The results indicate that in general, on-farm research produces a larger share of total benefits to farmers than off-farm research. Comparison of the actual monetary returns from the different investment scenarios depends on the relative costs of achieving the 1% supply shifts.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123749
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Paper provided by Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society in its series 2000 Conference (44th), January 23-25, 2000, Sydney, Australia with number 123749.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aare00:123749
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  1. Mullen, John D. & Cox, Thomas L., 1995. "The Returns From Research In Australian Broadacre Agriculture," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 39(02), August.
  2. Xueyan Zhao & John D. Mullen & Gary R. Griffith, 1997. "Functional Forms, Exogenous Shifts, and Economic Surplus Changes," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(4), pages 1243-1251.
  3. Scobie, Grant M. & Mullen, John D. & Alston, Julian M., 1991. "The Returns To Investment In Research On Australian Wool Production," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 35(02), August.
  4. Zhao, Xueyan & Griffiths, William E. & Griffith, Garry R. & Mullen, John D., 2000. "Probability distributions for economic surplus changes: the case of technical change in the Australian wool industry," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 44(1), March.
  5. Cox, Thomas L. & Mullen, John D. & Hu, Wensheng, 1997. "Nonparametric measures of the impact of public research expenditures on Australian broadacre agriculture," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 41(3), September.
  6. Griffiths, William E. & Zhao, Xueyan, 1999. "A Unified Approach To Sensitivity Analysis In Equilibrium Displacement Models: Comment," Working Papers 12950, University of New England, School of Economics.
  7. John D. Mullen & Thomas L. Cox, 1995. "The Returns From Research In Australian Broadacre Agriculture," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 39(2), pages 105-128, 08.
  8. George C. Davis & Maria Cristina Espinoza, 1998. "A Unified Approach to Sensitivity Analysis in Equilibrium Displacement Models," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(4), pages 868-879.
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