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The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on the Farming Sector

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  • Kostandini, Genti
  • Mykerezi, Elton
  • Escalante, Cesar L.

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of state and local immigration enforcement efforts on the U.S. Farming sector. We use variation in enforcement efforts generated by the timing of adoption of 287(g) programs by state and county law enforcement agencies (allowing local officers to be trained to perform several immigration officer duties). Nearly 70 jurisdictions adopted such measures between 2002 and 2011. Difference in Differences (DD) models are estimated using individual level data from the 2004-2010 waves of the American Community Survey (ACS) and county level data from the 1997, 2002 and 2007 waves of the U.S. Census of Agriculture. We found robust evidence that immigration enforcement efforts by county authorities have reduced immigrant presence. We also found evidence that wages of farm workers, general patterns of labor use in farms and farm profitability may have been affected in a manner consistent with labor shortages. There is no clear evidence that state efforts have lead to notable effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Kostandini, Genti & Mykerezi, Elton & Escalante, Cesar L., 2012. "The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on the Farming Sector," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 127674, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea12:127674
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ags:jloagb:260048 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Stephen Devadoss & Jeff Luckstead, 2011. "Implications Of Immigration Policies For The U.S. Farm Sector And Workforce," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(3), pages 857-875, July.
    3. Steven Zahniser & Tom Hertz & Peter Dixon & Maureen Rimmer, 2012. "Immigration Policy and its Possible Effects on U.S. Agriculture and the Market for Hired Farm Labor: A Simulation Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 94(2), pages 477-482.
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    Cited by:

    1. Watson, Tara, 2013. "Enforcement and immigrant location choice," Working Papers 13-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    2. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & Arenas-Arroyo, Esther & Sevilla, Almudena, 2018. "Labor Market Impacts of States Issuing of Driving Licenses to Undocumented Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 12049, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Thitima Puttitanun, 2018. "Undocumented youth in limbo: the impact of America’s immigration enforcement policy on juvenile deportations," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 31(2), pages 597-626, April.
    4. repec:spr:demogr:v:54:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s13524-017-0627-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Devadoss, Stephen & Luckstead, Jeff, 2017. "Immigration Policies and Farm Labor," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258435, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    6. East, Chloe N. & Velasquez, Andrea, 2018. "The Effect of Increasing Immigration Enforcement on the Labor Supply of High-Skilled Citizen Women," IZA Discussion Papers 12029, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Susan Pozo & Thitima Puttitanun, 2015. "Immigration Enforcement, Parent–Child Separations, and Intent to Remigrate by Central American Deportees," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(6), pages 1825-1851, December.
    8. Julia Shu-Huah Wang & Neeraj Kaushal, 2018. "Health and Mental Health Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement," NBER Working Papers 24487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Maoyong Fan & Susan Gabbard & Anita Alves Pena & Jeffrey M. Perloff, 2015. "Why Do Fewer Agricultural Workers Migrate Now?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 97(3), pages 665-679.
    10. Richards, Timothy J., 2018. "Immigration Reform and Farm Labor Markets," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274165, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    11. Ifft, Jennifer & Jodlowski, Margaret, 2016. "Is ICE Freezing US Agriculture? The Impact of Local Immigration Enforcement on Farm Profitability and Structure," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 235950, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    12. East, Chloe N. & Luck, Philip & Mansour, Hani & Velasquez, Andrea, 2018. "The Labor Market Effects of Immigration Enforcement," IZA Discussion Papers 11486, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    13. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Thitima Puttitanun, 2014. "Remittances and immigration enforcement," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-26, December.
    14. Luo, Tianyuan & Escalante, Cesar, 2014. "Determinants of Occupational Changes of U.S. Migrant Farm Workers under Recessionary Times," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162415, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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    Keywords

    Labor and Human Capital; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods;

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