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Exchange Rate Risk and Trade Mode Choice in the Processing Trade: Evidence from Chinese Data

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  • Chen, Zhe
  • Hong, Junjie
  • Sun, Xiaonan

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on trade mode choices among assembly firms. Using the Chinese Customs data from 2000 to 2006, we show that exchange rate pass-through (ERPT) depends on which entity is responsible for importing inputs. Relative to passively receiving inputs under pure assembly (PA) mode, foreign invested assembly firms mainly source inputs by themselves through import and assembly (IA) mode and enjoy lower ERPT by doing so. We then relate exchange rate fluctuations to processing mode choices and find that the share of import through PA increases with exchange rate volatilities. This effect is more pronounced for firms in liquidity constrained industries and is mitigated by better local financial development.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Zhe & Hong, Junjie & Sun, Xiaonan, 2019. "Exchange Rate Risk and Trade Mode Choice in the Processing Trade: Evidence from Chinese Data," AGI Working Paper Series 2019-09, Asian Growth Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:agi:wpaper:00000159
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rate risk; trade mode choice; processing trade; financial constraint; F14; F23; F31;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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