How Does the Oil Price Shock Affect Consumers?
Edelstein and Kilian (2009) point out that the oil price shock involves a reduction in consumer spending, which results in a decrease in the demand for goods and services. This paper empirically evaluates this argument by empirically investigating effects of the oil price shock on six CPI sub-indices in the US. We find substantial decreases in the relative price in less energy-intensive sectors, but not in energy-intensive sectors. Our findings are consistent with those of Edelstein and Kilian (2009) in the sense that spending adjustments play an important role in price dynamics.
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