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How Does the Oil Price Shock Affect Consumers?

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  • Gao, Liping
  • Kim, Hyeongwoo
  • Saba, Richard

Abstract

This paper evaluates the degree of the pass-through effect of the oil price shock to six CPI sub-indices in the US. We report substantially weaker pass-through effects in less energy-intensive sectors compared with those in more energy-intensive sectors. We attempt to find an explanation for this from the role of spending adjustments when there’s an unexpected change in the oil price. Using linear and nonlinear framework, we find substantial decreases in the relative price in less energy-intensive sectors, but not in energy-intensive sectors, which may be due to a substantial decrease in the demand for goods and services in those CPI sub-baskets. Our findings are consistent with those of Edelstein and Kilian (2009) in the sense that spending adjustments play an important role in price dynamics in response to unexpected changes in the oil price.

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  • Gao, Liping & Kim, Hyeongwoo & Saba, Richard, 2013. "How Does the Oil Price Shock Affect Consumers?," MPRA Paper 49565, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49565
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    Cited by:

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    3. Mensi, Walid & Rehman, Mobeen Ur & Al-Yahyaee, Khamis Hamed, 2020. "Time-frequency co-movements between oil prices and interest rates: Evidence from a wavelet-based approach," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    4. Nusair, Salah A., 2019. "Oil price and inflation dynamics in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 181(C), pages 997-1011.
    5. Agus Widarjono & Indah Susantun & Sarastri M. Ruchba & Ari Rudatin, 2020. "Oil and Food Prices for a Net Oil Importing-country: How Are Related in Indonesia?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(5), pages 255-263.
    6. Känzig, Diego Raoul, 2020. "The macroeconomic effects of oil supply news: Evidence from OPEC announcements," MPRA Paper 106249, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Tomiwa Sunday Adebayo, 2020. "Dynamic Relationship between Oil Price and Inflation in Oil Exporting Economy: Empirical Evidence from Wavelet Coherence Technique," Energy Economics Letters, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 7(1), pages 12-22, June.
    8. Carlos Medel, 2015. "Fuelling Future Prices: Oil Price and Global Inflation," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 770, Central Bank of Chile.
    9. Baas, Timo & Belke, Ansgar, 2017. "Oil price shocks, monetary policy and current account imbalances within a currency union," CEPS Papers 13334, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    10. Wen, Fenghua & Zhao, Cong & Hu, Chunyan, 2019. "Time-varying effects of international copper price shocks on China's producer price index," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 507-514.
    11. Asunción Arner Güerre, 2017. "The Spanish used Oils Market: A Vector Error Correction Model," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(6), pages 1-10.
    12. Razmi, Fatemeh & Azali, M. & Chin, Lee & Shah Habibullah, Muzafar, 2016. "The role of monetary transmission channels in transmitting oil price shocks to prices in ASEAN-4 countries during pre- and post-global financial crisis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 581-591.
    13. Pal, Debdatta & Mitra, Subrata Kumar, 2019. "Asymmetric oil price transmission to the purchasing power of the U.S. dollar: A multiple threshold NARDL modelling approach," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    14. Zakaria, Muhammad & Khiam, Shahzeb & Mahmood, Hamid, 2021. "Influence of oil prices on inflation in South Asia: Some new evidence," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    15. Chuxiong Deng & Zhujun Jiang & Chuanwang Sun, 2018. "Estimating the Efficiency and Impacts of Petroleum Product Pricing Reforms in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-17, April.
    16. Özgür Özaydın, 2019. "Energy Prices-Inflation Nexus: A Historical Analysis for the Case of Ottoman Empire," International Journal of Economics and Financial Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 5(4), pages 86-93, 04-2019.
    17. Su, Chi-Wei & Khan, Khalid & Tao, Ran & Umar, Muhammad, 2020. "A review of resource curse burden on inflation in Venezuela," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 204(C).
    18. Raheem, Ibrahim D. & Bello, Ajide Kazeem & Agboola, Yusuf H., 2020. "A new insight into oil price-inflation nexus," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    19. Sek, Siok Kun, 2017. "Impact of oil price changes on domestic price inflation at disaggregated levels: Evidence from linear and nonlinear ARDL modeling," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 204-217.
    20. Ebenezer G Olamide & Andrew Maredza, 2021. "The Short and Long Run Dynamics of Monetary Policy, Oil Price Volatility and Economic Growth in the CEMAC Region," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 11(1), pages 78-89, January.
    21. Jiranyakul, Komain, 2015. "Oil price shocks and domestic inflation in Thailand," MPRA Paper 62797, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Sanginabadi, Bahram, 2021. "Oil and Mortality," OSF Preprints j2xqw, Center for Open Science.
    23. Ahmed S. Alimi & Oladotun D. Olaniran & Timothy Ayuba, 2020. "An Assymetric Evaluation of Oil Price- Inflation Nexus: Evidence from Nigeria," Energy Economics Letters, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 7(1), pages 1-11, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oil Price Shocks; Pass-Through Effect; Consumer Price Sub-Index; Income Effect; Threshold Vector Autoregressive Model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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