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Trabajo y crisis: Lecciones para los programas públicos de capacitación. Notas sobre el caso uruguayo

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6

  • Andrea Doneschi

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Rossana Patrón

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Mientras las políticas educativas deben ser designadas con una perspectiva de largo plazo, considerando el desafío que el futuro puede acarrear, es la experiencia pasada la relevante para designar programas de capacitación que remedien la situación de los trabajadores golpeados. De acuerdo a la experiencia reciente vivida en Uruguay, el diseño de un plan de contingencia para las crisis de empleo debe tomar en cuenta que, a pesar de que todos los tipos de trabajadores serán afectados, los trabajadores menos calificados probablemente perderán su empleo incluso en sectores que no se contraen y la proporción de trabajadores calificados con desempleo aumentará. Una lección de largo plazo para la política educativa debe ser disminuir la cantidad de trabajadores “inempleables” en períodos de auge y desestimular la formación muy específica en sectores proclives a las crisis. El modelo presentado sugiere que, dada la baja participación de los trabajadores en los programas públicos de capacitación, la hipótesis más factible es la existencia de una oferta racionada o de un problema de diseño.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), 2011. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 6, number 06, 5.
  • This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6 with number 06-48.
    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed06:06-48
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com

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    1. Courty, Pascal & Marschke, Gerald, 1997. "Measuring Government Performance: Lessons from a Federal Job-Training Program," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 383-88, May.
    2. Lisa M. Lynch & Sandra E. Black, 1995. "Beyond the Incidence of Training: Evidence from a National Employers Survey," NBER Working Papers 5231, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Heckman, James J. & Masterov, Dimitriy V., 2004. "Skill Policies for Scotland," IZA Discussion Papers 1444, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, June.
    5. Michael Mussa, 1982. "Government Policy and the Adjustment Process," NBER Chapters, in: Import Competition and Response, pages 73-122 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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