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Poor Places, Thriving People : How the Middle East and North Africa Can Rise Above Spatial Disparities
[Lieux pauvres, populations prospères : Comment le Moyen-Orient et l'Afrique du Nord peuvent surmonter les disparités spatiales]

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  • World Bank

Abstract

The main messages of poor places, thriving people: how the Middle East and North Africa can rise above spatial disparities can be summarized in four words: people, connections, clusters, and institutions. This report shows how smart investments and policies in transport can connect poor places to the dynamic economies of their rich neighbors. There is also a wide open field of opportunity for telecommunications to bring electronic proximity to lagging areas. Many countries have spent huge sums on subsidies to entice investors to lagging areas-usually without any sustainable impact. This report recommends that governments turn their efforts toward the new approach to local economic development, which is gaining ground around the world, and is based on economic clusters, local competitive advantage, private initiative, and public-private dialogue. The report describes the state-of-play in territorial planning, public financial management, targeted programs, deconcentration, and decentralization, and it sketches some emerging lessons. This report combines the insights of specialists in the majority of the World Bank's key sectors: agriculture, development economics, education, health, poverty analysis, social protection, and transport. It is the report's modest aim, if not to offer a single formula for reducing spatial disparities, at least to propose a range of policy options that the region's leaders can reflect on in the light of their national objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • World Bank, 2011. "Poor Places, Thriving People : How the Middle East and North Africa Can Rise Above Spatial Disparities
    [Lieux pauvres, populations prospères : Comment le Moyen-Orient et l'Afrique du Nord peuvent s
    ," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2255, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:2255
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    File URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/2255/589970PUB0ID181UBLIC109780821383216.pdf?sequence=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. World Bank, 2007. "Making the Most of Scarcity : Accountability for Better Water Management Results in the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6845.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Joseph, George & Wodon, Quentin & Blankespoor, Brian, 2014. "Do Remittances Reach Households Living in Unfavorable Climate Areas? Evidence from the Republic of Yemen," MPRA Paper 56939, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Joseph, George & Wodon, Quentin, 2014. "Does the Impact of Remittances on Poverty and Human Development Depend on the Climate of Receiving Areas?," MPRA Paper 56517, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Brian Blankespoor, 2013. "Market Accessibility and Regional Maps : Kyrgyz Republic," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16486, The World Bank.
    4. Lobna M. Abdellatif & Mohamed Ramadan & Sarah A. Elbakry, 2017. "How Gender Biased Are Female-Headed Household Transfers in Egypt?," Working Papers 1126, Economic Research Forum, revised 08 Oct 2017.

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