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Exploring sustainable livelihoods approaches in relation to two interventions in Tanzania


  • Anna Toner

    (Bradford Centre for International Development, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK)


Whilst sustainable livelihoods 'thinking' is potentially valuable in advancing our understanding of the complexity and socially embedded nature of people's lives, sustainable livelihoods frameworks and principles are too eager to codify this complexity and to produce toolboxes and techniques to change the internal management of development interventions. Drawing on research in Tanzania, this paper offers an analysis of two interventions that apply aspects of sustainable livelihoods approaches (SLA). Whilst both interventions demonstrate much good practice, both are fundamentally limited in their potential for sustainable impact. This paper demonstrates the importance of the external context within which an intervention exists and explores some of the limitations faced by development agencies in trying to 'manage' sustainability. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Anna Toner, 2003. "Exploring sustainable livelihoods approaches in relation to two interventions in Tanzania," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(6), pages 771-781.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:15:y:2003:i:6:p:771-781
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1030

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fox, Jonathan A, 1997. "The World Bank and Social Capital: Contesting the Concept in Practice," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt6764j1h0, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    2. Ellis, Frank, 2000. "Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198296966.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gavin Hilson, 2005. "Strengthening artisanal mining research and policy through baseline census activities," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(2), pages 144-153, May.
    2. Ota, Liz & Herbohn, John & Gregorio, Nestor & Harrison, Steve, 2020. "Reforestation and smallholder livelihoods in the humid tropics," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).

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