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Perspectives on the 2003 and 2004 avian influenza outbreak in Bali and Lombok


  • Phil Simmons

    (School of Economics, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia)


In this article, background research for potential policies to contain avian influenza (AI) in Southeast Asia is provided. The author discusses (a) factors influencing spread of AI in Indonesia, (b) ways animal health institutions in Indonesia work, (c) risk associated with AI, and (d) a possible framework for analyzing effectiveness of public and private responses to the disease. The government of Indonesia (GOI) policies and responses to the outbreak in the eastern islands' poultry industry are described. Based on interviews, Indonesian farmer responses may be affected by five factors: (1) geographical location of the farm, (2) time since the outbreak began, (3) whether the farmer was a layer, broiler, or kampung (local) chicken producer, (4) size and development of the farm, and (5) contractual arrangements under which production is occurring. A bioeconomic framework suitable for analyzing these problems is developed and presented. [EconLit citations: I180, Q130] © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Agribusiness 22: 435-450, 2006.

Suggested Citation

  • Phil Simmons, 2006. "Perspectives on the 2003 and 2004 avian influenza outbreak in Bali and Lombok," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(4), pages 435-450.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:22:y:2006:i:4:p:435-450
    DOI: 10.1002/agr.20101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Helen H. Jensen & Dong Yan, 2004. "Output Supply and Input Demand System of Commercial and Backyard Poultry Producers in Indonesia," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 04-wp363, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
    2. Paul Winters & Alain De Janvry & Elisabeth Sadoulet & Kostas Stamoulis, 1998. "The role of agriculture in economic development: Visible and invisible surplus transfers," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(5), pages 71-97.
    3. McCarthy, Nancy & McDermott, John & Coleman, Paul, 2003. "Animal health and the role of communities: an example of trypanasomosis control options in Uganda," EPTD discussion papers 103, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. John Mclnerney, 1996. "Old Economics For New Problems -Livestock Disease: Presidential Address," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1-4), pages 295-314.
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    Cited by:

    1. Simmons, Phil, 2006. "The Effect Of Avian Influenza On Sector 3 Poultry Farms In East Java: Preliminary Results From A Survey," 2006 Conference (50th), February 8-10, 2006, Sydney, Australia 139903, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.

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