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Pesticide residues and vertical integration in Florida strawberries and tomatoes

  • Richard L. Kilmer

    (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida in Gainesville, Gainesville, Florida 32611. E-mail: kilmer@ufl.edu; madangrimo@aol.com; stevens@fred.ifas.ufl.edu)

  • Anouk M. Andre

    (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida in Gainesville, Gainesville, Florida 32611. E-mail: kilmer@ufl.edu; madangrimo@aol.com; stevens@fred.ifas.ufl.edu)

  • Thomas J. Stevens

    (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida in Gainesville, Gainesville, Florida 32611. E-mail: kilmer@ufl.edu; madangrimo@aol.com; stevens@fred.ifas.ufl.edu)

Registered author(s):

    Government regulations and consumer concern about pesticide residues in food may increase the costs of production and marketing for producers and processors associated with food safety risks. Vertical coordination is an economic response for mitigating the costs associated with uncertain pesticide residue levels. Data from a survey of Florida strawberry and tomato growers were used to test the hypothesis that vertical integration is associated with a lower mean and variance of pesticide residues. The results confirm a significant negative relationship between vertical integration and fungicide and insecticide residues in Florida strawberries and insecticides in Florida tomatoes. However, fungicides in tomatoes had the opposite effect. [Econ-Lit citations: L220, L660] © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/agr.1012
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    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 213-226

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:17:y:2001:i:2:p:213-226
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1520-6297

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    1. Hennessy, David A., 1996. "Information Asymmetry As a Reason for Food Industry Vertical Integration," Staff General Research Papers 5032, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Misra, Sukant K. & Huang, Chung L. & Ott, Stephen L., 1991. "Consumer Willingness To Pay For Pesticide-Free Fresh Produce," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 16(02), December.
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