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Parental Education and Children's Schooling Outcomes: Evidence from Recomposed Families in Rwanda

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  • Damien de Walque

Abstract

In this article, I investigate how educational outcomes of orphans are affected by the education of the family members in their new family. The study uses household survey data from Rwanda that contain a large proportion of children living in households without their biological parents. The data also allow controlling for the educational attainment of the absent biological parents and the type of relationship that links the children to their adoptive families. The results of the analysis suggest that the education of the adoptive parents has a positive impact on the children's schooling. Interestingly, mothers' education matters more for girls, while fathers' education is more important for boys. The results also indicate that placing orphans with their relatives has a positive impact on their schooling. This finding has obvious policy implications for African countries with a large proportion of orphans due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic or to conflicts. (c) 2009 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation

  • Damien de Walque, 2009. "Parental Education and Children's Schooling Outcomes: Evidence from Recomposed Families in Rwanda," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(4), pages 723-746, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:57:y:2009:i:4:p:723-746
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Martha Ainsworth & Kathleen Beegle & Godlike Koda, 2005. "The Impact of Adult Mortality and Parental Deaths on Primary Schooling in North-Western Tanzania," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(3), pages 412-439.
    2. repec:pri:rpdevs:case_paxson_orphansafrica is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Taubman, Paul, 1976. "The Determinants of Earnings: Genetics, Family, and Other Environments; A Study of White Male Twins," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(5), pages 858-870, December.
    4. Anne Case & Christina Paxson & Joseph Ableidinger, 2004. "Orphans in Africa: parental death, poverty, and school enrollment," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 41(3), pages 483-508, August.
    5. David Evans & Edward Miguel, 2007. "Orphans and schooling in africa: a longitudinal analysis," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 44(1), pages 35-57, February.
    6. de Haan, Monique & Plug, Erik, 2006. "Estimates of the Effect of Parents’ Schooling on Children’s Schooling Using Censored and Uncensored Samples," IZA Discussion Papers 2416, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. repec:pri:cheawb:case_paxson_orphansafrica is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Erik Plug, 2004. "Estimating the Effect of Mother's Schooling on Children's Schooling Using a Sample of Adoptees," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 358-368, March.
    9. repec:pri:rpdevs:case_paxson_orphansafrica.pdf is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:pri:cheawb:case_paxson_orphansafrica.pdf is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Rachel Heath & Seema Jayachandran, 2016. "The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 22766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Wehn-Jyuan Tsai & Jin-Tan Liu & Shin-Yi Chou & Michael Grossman, 2011. "Intergeneration Transfer of Human Capital: Results from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan," NBER Working Papers 16876, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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