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L'Agriculture, Facteur De Vulnérabilité Des Petites Économies Insulaires ?

Listed author(s):
  • Valérie ANGEON


    (AgroParisTech-UMR Métafort; INRA-URZ and French West Indies University-CRPLC)

  • Samuel BATES


    (Université Paris-Dauphine, PSL Research University)

La vulnérabilité des petites économies insulaires (PEI) a fait l’objet d’analyses approfondies depuis les années 1970. Le poids du secteur agricole est notamment décrit comme un facteur intrinsèque de leur vulnérabilité. Afin de tester cette assertion, nous avons élaboré un indicateur composite de vulnérabilité agricole (AVI) basé sur le poids de l’agriculture dans la structure des exportations, la dépendance extérieure, la valeur ajoutée et l’emploi. Sur un échantillon de pays incluant des PEI, des pays développés, des pays à revenu intermédiaire et des pays en développement, nous mettons en relation l’AVI avec un indicateur macroéconomique et multimétrique de vulnérabilité et de résilience : le Net Vulnerability-Resilience Index (NVRI). Nous montrons qu’il n’y a pas de déterminisme entre poids du secteur agricole et vulnérabilité ma-croéconomique. Nos résultats inclinent à penser qu'en matière de politique économique, pour renforcer la macro-résilience d'un pays, la priorité doit porter sur les conditions de production plutôt que sur une réduction hâtive du poids du secteur agricole.

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Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

Volume (Year): 42 (2015)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 105-131

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Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:42:y:2015:p:105-131
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