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Au-Delà De La Moyenne : Les Effets Par Quantile De La Politique De Cohésion De L’Union Européenne

Author

Listed:
  • Salima BOUAYAD AGHA

    () (CREST ; GAINS-TEPP, Université du Maine)

  • Nadine TURPIN

    () (Irstea, UMR Métafort)

  • Lionel VEDRINE

    () (INRA, UMR 1041 CESAER)

Abstract

Depuis plusieurs décennies, l’Europe cherche à réduire les disparités de développement de ses régions. Cette politique, dite de cohésion, mobilise une part croissante du budget européen. Elle repose sur un co-financement des Etats Membres des projets qu’elle soutient au niveau régional. De plus, avec les élargissements successifs de l’Europe, les régions qu’elle cible évoluent, suscitant un effet de redistribution. Or, quelles que soient les méthodes utilisées et les périodes étudiées, les évaluations successives ne mettent en évidence, au mieux, qu’un effet modeste de la politique de cohésion sur le rattrapage de croissance des régions les plus pauvres d’Europe. Dans cet article, nous nous intéressons au programme dit « Objectif 1 » de la politique de cohésion, qui aide les régions les plus pauvres, et attribue des co-financements sur un critère de niveau de richesse. Elle favorise l’investissement et a pour objectif d’accé-lérer leur croissance pour permettre aux régions les plus pauvres de rattraper le niveau de richesse moyen. Nous mesurons l’effet de ce programme sur la distribution des taux de croissance et de l’investissement par habitant des régions bénéficiaires. Nous montrons que les régions à fort potentiel de croissance (celles qui auraient connu la plus forte croissance en l’absence de politique) ont bénéficié d’un gain de croissance de l’ordre de 0.6%. A contrario, les régions à faible potentiel de croissance n’ont pas bénéficié significativement de la politique mise en place.

Suggested Citation

  • Salima BOUAYAD AGHA & Nadine TURPIN & Lionel VEDRINE, 2013. "Au-Delà De La Moyenne : Les Effets Par Quantile De La Politique De Cohésion De L’Union Européenne," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 27-48.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:38:y:2013:p:27-48
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EFFET DE TRAITEMENT PAR QUANTILE; POLITIQUE RÉGIONALE; UNION EUROPÉENNE;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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