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La Croissance A-T-Elle Été Favorable Aux Pauvres En Égypte Sur La Période 1990-2004 ?

  • Christophe EHRHART

    ()

    (CIAPHS, Université Rennes 2 - Haute Bretagne)

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    In response to the severe economic crisis at the end of the 1980s, the Egyptian authorities were forced to implement macroeconomic stabilization and structural adjustment plans at the beginning of the next decade. The implementation of these adjustment programs led to the revival and speeding-up of growth during the 1990s, and a slowdown in the growth rate during the first half of the 2000s. Meanwhile, however, relative inequalities in the distribution of consumption expenditures evolved in a not uniform way during the process of growth. This article aims at assessing to what extent (this recovery of) economic growth has been really beneficial to the poor in Egypt during the 1990-2004 period. It will be shown that growth has not been strictly pro-poor in monetary terms in this country during the whole period. Consequently, as the estimations of the inequality-growth trade-off index suggest in this paper, a redistributive policy in favor of the poor might be an effective tool for poverty reduction in Egypt.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R35/3_EHRHART.pdf
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    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 35 (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 37-55

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:35:y:2012:p:37-55
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    1. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2003. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 93-99, January.
    2. Nissanke, Machiko & Thorbecke, Erik, 2006. "Channels and policy debate in the globalization-inequality-poverty nexus," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1338-1360, August.
    3. Kakwani, Nanak, 1993. "Poverty and Economic Growth with Application to Cote d'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-39, June.
    4. Ravallion, Martin, 2004. "Pro-poor growth : A primer," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3242, The World Bank.
    5. Hyun H. Son & Nanak Kakwani, 2004. "Economic growth and poverty reduction: initial conditions matter," Working Papers 2, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    6. El-Laithy, Heba & Lokshin, Michael & Banerji, Arup, 2003. "Poverty and economic growth in Egypt, 1995-2000," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3068, The World Bank.
    7. Sami Bibi, 2006. "Growth with Equity is Better for the Poor," Cahiers de recherche 0640, CIRPEE.
    8. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    9. Stephan Klasen, 2003. "In Search of The Holy Grail: How to Achieve Pro-Poor Growth ?," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 096, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
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