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What do we know about pro-poor growth and regional poverty in Nigeria?

Author

Listed:
  • Hyacinth Eme Ichoku

    () (Department of Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria)

  • Chukwuma Agu

    () (Institute for Development Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria)

  • John Ele-Ojo Ataguba

    () (Health Economics Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa)

Abstract

This study investigates the pro-poorness of income growth in Nigeria. Using nationally representative data for 1996 and 2004, overall income growth in Nigeria was found not to be pro-poor. The richer segments of the population appropriate greater share of benefits from economic growth. Household size was a critical determinant of poverty levels. Sector of employment also impacts on the probability of a household being poor; with those in agriculture being relatively worse off. The need for smaller family size has to be an integral part of policy aimed at poverty reduction in Nigeria. The support of the government in creating value in critical sectors (like agriculture and industry) that employ a large proportion of Nigerians in order to make growth pro-poor is critical. There is also a need for region-specific policies addressing the peculiarities of poverty in the different parts of the country. One size does not fit all. Deliberate effort of the government in redistributing income is also required to ensure pro-poorness of growth in Nigeria.

Suggested Citation

  • Hyacinth Eme Ichoku & Chukwuma Agu & John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, 2012. "What do we know about pro-poor growth and regional poverty in Nigeria?," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 5(3), pages 147-172, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:5:y:2012:i:3:p:147-172
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gafaar, Oluwatoyin Alade S & Osinubi, Tokunbo Simbowale, 2005. "Macroeconomic Policies and Pro-Poor Growth in Nigeria," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 24, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    3. Owen O'Donnell & Eddy van Doorslaer & Adam Wagstaff & Magnus Lindelow, 2008. "Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data : A Guide to Techniques and Their Implementation," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6896.
    4. Son, Hyun Hwa, 2004. "A note on pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 307-314, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ajakaiye, Olu & Jerome, Afeikhena T. & Olaniyan, Olanrewaju & Mahrt, Kristi & Alaba, Olufunke A., 2014. "Multidimensional poverty in Nigeria: First order dominance approach," WIDER Working Paper Series 143, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Lena Malešević-Perović & Vladimir Šimić & Vinko Muštra, 2013. "Investigating the Influence of Economic and Socio-Political Openness on Growth," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 6(3), pages 35-59, December.
    3. Olu Ajakaiye & Afeikhena T. Jerome & Olanrewaju Olaniyan & Kristi Mahrt & Olufunke A. Alaba, 2015. "Spatial and temporal multidimensional poverty in Nigeria," WIDER Working Paper Series 132, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Camilla Yanushevsky & Rafael Yanushevsky, 2013. "Spending and Growth: A Modified Debt to GDP Dynamic Model," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 6(3), pages 21-33, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic growth; pro-poor growth; poverty; Nigeria;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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