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What do we know about pro-poor growth and regional poverty in Nigeria?

  • Hyacinth Eme Ichoku

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria)

  • Chukwuma Agu

    ()

    (Institute for Development Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria)

  • John Ele-Ojo Ataguba

    ()

    (Health Economics Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa)

Registered author(s):

    This study investigates the pro-poorness of income growth in Nigeria. Using nationally representative data for 1996 and 2004, overall income growth in Nigeria was found not to be pro-poor. The richer segments of the population appropriate greater share of benefits from economic growth. Household size was a critical determinant of poverty levels. Sector of employment also impacts on the probability of a household being poor; with those in agriculture being relatively worse off. The need for smaller family size has to be an integral part of policy aimed at poverty reduction in Nigeria. The support of the government in creating value in critical sectors (like agriculture and industry) that employ a large proportion of Nigerians in order to make growth pro-poor is critical. There is also a need for region-specific policies addressing the peculiarities of poverty in the different parts of the country. One size does not fit all. Deliberate effort of the government in redistributing income is also required to ensure pro-poorness of growth in Nigeria.

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    Article provided by Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece in its journal International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research (IJESAR).

    Volume (Year): 5 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 (December)
    Pages: 147-172

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    Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:5:y:2012:i:3:p:147-172
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    1. Gafaar, Oluwatoyin Alade S & Osinubi, Tokunbo Simbowale, 2005. "Macroeconomic Policies and Pro-Poor Growth in Nigeria," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 24, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    3. Son, Hyun Hwa, 2004. "A note on pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 307-314, March.
    4. Owen O'Donnell & Eddy van Doorslaer & Adam Wagstaff & Magnus Lindelow, 2008. "Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data : A Guide to Techniques and Their Implementation," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6896, April.
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