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The Special Status Of Agriculture In Latin American Free Trade Agreements

Author

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  • Mónica KJÖLLERSTRÖM

    (Agricultural Development Unit, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and)

Abstract

This paper provides a review of agriculture-related provisions in free trade agreements signed by Latin American countries and in force by December 2004. It is shown that the exceptional treatment received by the agricultural sector in the WTO is also found in free trade agreements. Many agricultural products are excluded from tariff liberalization or are otherwise subject to long phase-out periods. With respect to technical barriers to trade, most agreements go little beyond the reiteration of multilateral commitments. Furthemore, rules of origin are stricter for agricultural goods. This suggests that market access for some developing countries will remain limited. Conversely, provisions on intellectual property protection in free trade agreements, particularly those signed with the United States, go well beyond WTO commitments.

Suggested Citation

  • Mónica KJÖLLERSTRÖM, 2006. "The Special Status Of Agriculture In Latin American Free Trade Agreements," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 23, pages 73-106.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:23:y:2006:p:73-106
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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R23/R23_Kjollerstrom.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mitchell, Donald, 2004. "Sugar policies opportunity for change," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3222, The World Bank.
    2. Carlo Perroni & John Whalley, 2000. "The new regionalism: trade liberalization or insurance?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(1), pages 1-24, February.
    3. Lalitha, N., 2004. "Diffusion of agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property rights: emerging issues in India," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 187-198, June.
    4. Olivier Cadot & Jaime de Melo & Antoni Estevadeordal & Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann & Bolormaa Tumurchudur, 2002. "Assessing the effect of NAFTA's rules of origin," Research Unit Working Papers 0306, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    TRADE; REGIONAL AGREEMENTS; AGRICULTURE; LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN; MARKET ACCESS; NON TARIFF BARRIERS;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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