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External Trade and Internal Geography: Local Export Spillovers by Industry Characteristics and Firm Size

Listed author(s):
  • Martin Andersson
  • Jan Frederic Weiss

Exporting firms in a region may reduce export entry costs for other local firms either through market or non-market interactions. This paper tests this proposition by analyzing whether the probability of exporting among Swedish firms is positively associated with the local presence of exporters in their region and industry. Our results support this conjecture, while also providing some support for such export spillovers being more important in contract-intensive industries and small firms. The results for different industries and size-classes of firms are also sensitive to whether we focus on firms’ export status or restrict the sample to export starters. RÉSUMÉ Les firmes exportatrices dans une certaine r#xe9;gion pourront r#xe9;duire les coûts d'entr#xe9;e à l'exportation pour d'autres entreprises locales, par le biais d'interactions commerciales ou non commerciales. La pr#xe9;sente communication soumet cette proposition à des tests en analysant si la probabilit#xe9; d'exportation parmi des soci#xe9;t#xe9;s su#xe9;doises est en rapport positif avec la pr#xe9;sence locale d'exportateurs dans leur r#xe9;gion et dans l'industrie. Nos r#xe9;sultats soutiennent cette conjecture, tout en apportant un certain soutien pour l'importance majeure de cette diffusion des exportations dans des secteurs intensifs sur le plan des contrats et des petites entreprises. Les r#xe9;sultats pour diff#xe9;rents secteurs ou entreprises class#xe9;es sur le plan de leur envergure sont n#xe9;anmoins sensibles au plan sur lequel nous plaçons notre recherche, à savoir le statut export des entreprises ou la limitation de l ’ #xe9;chantillon aux nouvelles entreprises exportatrices. EXTRACTO Las empresas exportadoras de una región pueden reducir los costes de entrada de exportaciones para otras empresas locales, a trav#xe9;s de interacciones de mercado o que no sean de mercado. El estudio pone a prueba esta proposición analizando si la probabilidad de exportación entre empresas suecas se asocia positivamente con la presencia local de exportadores en su región e industria. Nuestros resultados apoyan esta conjetura, mientras que tambi#xe9;n proporcionan cierto apoyo para la idea de que dichos spillovers de exportación son más importantes en industrias de contratos intensivos y empresas pequeñas. Los resultados para diferentes empresas y clases de tamaños de empresas son, no obstante, sensibles a si nos centramos en el estado de exportación de las empresas o si restringimos la muestra a empresas nuevas en exportación. 外部贸易和内部地理—行业性质和公司规模对本地出口的影响 摘要 : 一个地区的出口公司可能会通过市场或非市场途径降低其他本地公司的出口报关成本 。本文通过分析瑞典公司的出口概率是否与其所在地域和行业的出口商正相关来验证 这一假设。结果证实了这一假设 , 同时也证明 , 这种出口影响对合同密集型产业和小公司更为重要。但是 , 行业不同 , 公司规模不同 , 其结果会受到对公司出口状况关注与否以及对出口商样本数目的限制的影响。

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 7 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 421-446

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:7:y:2012:i:4:p:421-446
DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2012.722664
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