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External Trade and Internal Geography: Local Export Spillovers by Industry Characteristics and Firm Size

  • Martin Andersson
  • Jan Frederic Weiss

Exporting firms in a region may reduce export entry costs for other local firms either through market or non-market interactions. This paper tests this proposition by analyzing whether the probability of exporting among Swedish firms is positively associated with the local presence of exporters in their region and industry. Our results support this conjecture, while also providing some support for such export spillovers being more important in contract-intensive industries and small firms. The results for different industries and size-classes of firms are also sensitive to whether we focus on firms’ export status or restrict the sample to export starters. RÉSUMÉ Les firmes exportatrices dans une certaine région pourront réduire les coûts d'entrée à l'exportation pour d'autres entreprises locales, par le biais d'interactions commerciales ou non commerciales. La présente communication soumet cette proposition à des tests en analysant si la probabilité d'exportation parmi des sociétés suédoises est en rapport positif avec la présence locale d'exportateurs dans leur région et dans l'industrie. Nos résultats soutiennent cette conjecture, tout en apportant un certain soutien pour l'importance majeure de cette diffusion des exportations dans des secteurs intensifs sur le plan des contrats et des petites entreprises. Les résultats pour différents secteurs ou entreprises classées sur le plan de leur envergure sont néanmoins sensibles au plan sur lequel nous plaçons notre recherche, à savoir le statut export des entreprises ou la limitation de l ’ échantillon aux nouvelles entreprises exportatrices. EXTRACTO Las empresas exportadoras de una región pueden reducir los costes de entrada de exportaciones para otras empresas locales, a través de interacciones de mercado o que no sean de mercado. El estudio pone a prueba esta proposición analizando si la probabilidad de exportación entre empresas suecas se asocia positivamente con la presencia local de exportadores en su región e industria. Nuestros resultados apoyan esta conjetura, mientras que también proporcionan cierto apoyo para la idea de que dichos spillovers de exportación son más importantes en industrias de contratos intensivos y empresas pequeñas. Los resultados para diferentes empresas y clases de tamaños de empresas son, no obstante, sensibles a si nos centramos en el estado de exportación de las empresas o si restringimos la muestra a empresas nuevas en exportación. 外部贸易和内部地理&# x2014;行业性质和公司规 A21;对本地出口的影响 摘要 : 一个地区的出口公司&# x53EF;能会通过市场或非 E02;场途径降低其他本ճ 0;公司的出口报关成本 。本文通过分析瑞典&# x516C;司的出口概率是否 E0E;其所在地域和行业ݨ 4;出口商正相关来验证 这一假设。结果证实&# x4E86;这一假设 , 同时也证明 , 这种出口影响对合同&# x5BC6;集型产业和小公司 6F4;为重要。但是 , 行业不同 , 公司规模不同 , 其结果会受到对公司&# x51FA;口状况关注与否以 3CA;对出口商样本数目ݨ 4;限制的影响。

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/17421772.2012.722664
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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 7 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 421-446

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:7:y:2012:i:4:p:421-446
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