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Modelling Quality of Life and Population Growth. The Case of the Barcelona Metropolitan Area

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  • Vicente Royuela

Abstract

Abstract This paper aims to identify the role of quality of life in determining the current trends of population location within a metropolitan area. We expect an endogenous relationship between quality of life and population growth, and we question whether the usual assumption that quality of life decreases with population growth holds. To answer this question we propose a simultaneous equation model, which is estimated assuming the spatial dimension of the data. We perform our exercise in a dynamic local framework, the metropolitan area of the city of Barcelona (Spain), in the period 1991–2004. Our results confirm the importance of quality of life in population growth, plus, if any, a positive impact of population growth on quality of life growth. Interestingly we find that spatial lags of the variables are particularly important, as services are not homogeneously provided in the territory. Modélisation de la qualité de vie et de l'accroissement démographique. Le cas de la zone métropolitaine de Barcelone Résumé La présente communication s'efforce d'identifier le rôle de la qualité de la vie dans la détermination des tendances actuelles de localisation de la population au sein d'une zone métropolitaine. Nous prévoyons un rapport endogène entre la qualité de la vie et l'accroissement démographique, et nous tentons d’établir si l'hypothèse usuelle, d'après laquelle la qualité de vie diminue au fur et à mesure de l'augmentation de la population, est toujours valable. Pour répondre à cette question, nous proposons un modèle à équation, que l'on estime sur la base des dimensions spatiales des données. Nous réalisons cet exercice dans un cadre local dynamique, à savoir la zone métropolitaine de la ville de Barcelone (en Espagne) au cours de la période 1991–2004. Nos résultats confirment l'importance de la qualité de vie dans l'accroissement démographique, plus, le cas échéant, un impact positif de l'accroissement démographique sur l'amélioration de la qualité de vie. Il est intéressant de noter que les retards spatiaux des variables sont particulièrement importants, car les services ne sont pas assurés de façon homogène dans le territoire. Modelización del crecimiento de la población y de la calidad de vida. El caso de la zona metropolitana de Barcelona Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar el papel de la calidad de vida en la definición de las tendencias actuales de la localización de la población en una zona metropolitana. Esperamos una relación endógena entre la calidad de vida y el crecimiento demográfico, y cuestionamos el supuesto habitual que afirma que la calidad de vida disminuye con el crecimiento demográfico. Para responder esta pregunta proponemos un modelo de ecuaciones simultáneas, que se estima asumiendo la dimensión espacial de los datos. Realizamos nuestro ejercicio en una estructura local dinámica, la zona metropolitana de la ciudad de Barcelona (España), en el periodo comprendido entre 1991 y 2004. Nuestros resultados confirman la importancia de la calidad de vida en el crecimiento demográfico, además, si alguno, el efecto positivo del crecimiento demográfico sobre el aumento de la calidad de vida. Curiosamente, encontramos que los desfases espaciales de las variables son especialmente importantes, porque los servicios no se prestan de manera homogénea en el territorio.

Suggested Citation

  • Vicente Royuela, 2011. "Modelling Quality of Life and Population Growth. The Case of the Barcelona Metropolitan Area," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 83-109.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2011:i:1:p:83-109
    DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2010.540034
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Elizabeth Delmelle & Jean-Claude Thill & Chunhua Wang, 2016. "Spatial dynamics of urban neighborhood quality of life," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 56(3), pages 687-705, May.
    2. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2015. "Agglomeration vs. dispersion of economic activities in the districts of Paris," Working Papers 2072/246965, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Quality of life; urban economics; Barcelona; R00; C30;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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