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Housing prices and investment: an assessment of China's inland-favoring land supply policies


  • Libin Han
  • Ming Lu


Since 2003, China's central government has allocated more construction land-use quotas to inland provinces than elsewhere in an attempt to balance the growth gap between its coastal and inland regions. Here, firm-level data from 2001 to 2007 were used to determine how this change in land policy has affected firms' investments and housing prices. Results have shown that cities in which land-use quotas decreased experienced faster housing price growth than the cities in which land-use quotas increased after 2003. This sharp change in policy also highlighted two major channels of the effects of housing prices on investment by firms. The results show that higher housing prices increased firms' investment by providing a source of more valuable collateral, while crowding out fixed capital investment. The net effect of housing prices on investment is negative and limiting economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Libin Han & Ming Lu, 2017. "Housing prices and investment: an assessment of China's inland-favoring land supply policies," Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 106-121, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rjapxx:v:22:y:2017:i:1:p:106-121
    DOI: 10.1080/13547860.2016.1261452

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Thomas Chaney & David Sraer & David Thesmar, 2012. "The Collateral Channel: How Real Estate Shocks Affect Corporate Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(6), pages 2381-2409, October.
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    3. Adelino, Manuel & Schoar, Antoinette & Severino, Felipe, 2015. "House prices, collateral, and self-employment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(2), pages 288-306.
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    6. Gan, Jie, 2007. "Collateral, debt capacity, and corporate investment: Evidence from a natural experiment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 709-734, September.
    7. Brandt, Loren & Van Biesebroeck, Johannes & Zhang, Yifan, 2014. "Challenges of working with the Chinese NBS firm-level data," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 339-352.
    8. Wu, Jing & Gyourko, Joseph & Deng, Yongheng, 2015. "Real estate collateral value and investment: The case of China," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 43-53.
    9. Liang, Wenquan & Lu, Ming & Zhang, Hang, 2016. "Housing prices raise wages: Estimating the unexpected effects of land supply regulation in China," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 70-81.
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