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One Share Fits All? Regional Variations in the Extent of the Shadow Economy in Europe

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  • Helmut Herwartz
  • Egle Tafenau
  • Friedrich Schneider

Abstract

H erwartz H., T afenau E. and S chneider F. One share fits all? Regional variations in the extent of the shadow economy in Europe, Regional Studies . A multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) approach with spatial effects is followed to estimate the extent of the shadow economy in the regions of the European Union in 2007 and 2008. The shadow economic sector is smallest in regions of the Netherlands and Denmark and highest in Greece, Poland, Portugal and Romania. In several countries the extent of shadow activities varies markedly across regions, calling for regional diversification of measures against it. Moreover, the eligibility status for structural funding by the European Union changes for some regions if shadow activities are included in the gross domestic product to their full extent.

Suggested Citation

  • Helmut Herwartz & Egle Tafenau & Friedrich Schneider, 2015. "One Share Fits All? Regional Variations in the Extent of the Shadow Economy in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(9), pages 1575-1587, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:49:y:2015:i:9:p:1575-1587
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2013.848034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Friedrich Schneider & Andreas Buehn & Claudio E. Montenegro, 2011. "Shadow Economies All Over the World: New Estimates for 162 Countries from 1999 to 2007," Chapters, in: Friedrich Schneider (ed.), Handbook on the Shadow Economy, chapter 1, Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lars P. Feld & Friedrich Schneider, 2011. "Survey on the Shadow Economy and Undeclared Work in OECD Countries," Chapters, in: Friedrich Schneider (ed.), Handbook on the Shadow Economy, chapter 2, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Friedrich Schneider, 2014. "In the Shadow of the State – The Informal Economy and Informal Economy Labor Force," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 4, pages 227-248, December.
    3. Friedrich Schneider & Andreas Buehn & Claudio E. Montenegro, 2011. "Shadow Economies All Over the World: New Estimates for 162 Countries from 1999 to 2007," Chapters, in: Friedrich Schneider (ed.), Handbook on the Shadow Economy, chapter 1, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Friedrich Schneider, 2014. "Outside the State - the Shadow Economy and Shadow Economy Labor Force," CESifo Working Paper Series 4829, CESifo.
    5. Aysel Amir & Korhan Gökmenoğlu, 2023. "Analyzing the Drivers of the Shadow Economy for the Case of the CESEE Region," Journal of Economics / Ekonomicky casopis, Institute of Economic Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, vol. 71(2), pages 155-181, February.
    6. Feige, Edgar L., 2015. "Reflections on the meaning and measurement of Unobserved Economies: What do we really know about the “Shadow Economy”?," MPRA Paper 68466, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bogdan Mróz, 2012. "The Shadow Economy and Systemic Transformation: The Case of Poland," Chapters, in: Michael Pickhardt & Aloys Prinz (ed.), Tax Evasion and the Shadow Economy, chapter 6, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Egle Tafenau & Helmut Herwartz & Friedrich Schneider, 2010. "Regional Estimates of the Shadow Economy in Europe," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(4), pages 629-636.
    9. Mohammad Nurunnabi, 2018. "Tax evasion and religiosity in the Muslim world: the significance of Shariah regulation," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 371-394, January.
    10. Gloria Alarcón-García & José Daniel Buendía Azorín & María del Mar Sánchez de la Vega, 2020. "Shadow economy and national culture: A spatial approach," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 232(1), pages 53-74, March.
    11. Schneider, Friedrich, 2012. "The Shadow Economy and Work in the Shadow: What Do We (Not) Know?," IZA Discussion Papers 6423, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. Roberto Ganau & Andrés Rodríguez‐Pose, 2019. "Do high‐quality local institutions shape labour productivity in Western European manufacturing firms?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(4), pages 1633-1666, August.
    13. Maria José Portillo Navarro & Pilar Ortiz García & Francisco Morales González, 2017. "Fraude Fiscal, Turismo Y Economía Sumergida En España. Un Análisis Por Cc Aa," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 1, pages 101-123.
    14. Friedrich Schneider & Mangirdas Morkunas & Erika Quendler, 2023. "An estimation of the informal economy in the agricultural sector in the EU‐15 from 1996 to 2019," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(2), pages 406-447, March.
    15. Helmut Herwartz & Friedrich Schneider & Egle Tafenau, 2011. "Regional Patterns of the Shadow Economy: Modelling Issues and Evidence from the European Union," Chapters, in: Friedrich Schneider (ed.), Handbook on the Shadow Economy, chapter 6, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    16. Friedrich Schneider, 2013. "Size and Progression of the Shadow Economies of Turkey and Other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2013; Some New Facts," Ekonomi-tek - International Economics Journal, Turkish Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 83-116, May.
    17. Dennis Nchor, 2021. "Shadow economies and tax evasion: The case of the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 43(1), pages 21-37, March.
    18. César Pérez López & María Jesús Delgado Rodríguez & Sonia de Lucas Santos, 2019. "Tax Fraud Detection through Neural Networks: An Application Using a Sample of Personal Income Taxpayers," Future Internet, MDPI, vol. 11(4), pages 1-13, March.

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