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Big Men on Campus: Estimating the Economic Impact of College Sports on Local Economies


  • Robert Baade
  • Robert Baumann
  • Victor Matheson


Baade R. A., Baumann R. W. and Matheson V. A. Big men on campus: estimating the economic impact of college sports on local economies, Regional Studies. College American football and men's basketball are the largest revenue generators in college athletics, and boosters tout the economic benefits of athletic programmes as an incentive for cities to construct new sports facilities at considerable public expense. An analysis of the economic impact of home football and men's basketball games on Tallahassee (home of Florida State University) and Gainesville (home of the University of Florida) between 1980 and 2007 fails to support these claims. Men's basketball games at these universities have no statistically significant impact on taxable sales, while football yields a modest gain of about US$2 million per home game. [image omitted] Baade R. A., Baumann R. W. et Matheson V. A. Des geants sur le campus: evaluer l'impact economique du sport de college sur les economies locales, Regional Studies. Aux E-U, le football americain et le basket masculin sont les principales sources de revenu produits dans le sport de college, et les supporters pronent les avantages economiques des programmes de sport comme une incitation aux grandes villes a construire de nouvelles infrastructures sportives aux grands frais de l'Etat. Une analyse de l'impact economqiue des matches de football et de basket a domicile sur Tallahassee (zone d'accueil de la Florida State University) et Gainesville (zone d'accueil de la University of Florida) entre 1980 et 2007 ne reussit pas a soutenir ces affirmations. Il s'avere que leurs matches de basket n'ont aucun impact statistiquement important sur les ventes imposables, tandis que le football rapporte un gain modique d'environ $2 m de dollars americains par match a domicile. Sport de college Basket Football americain Stades Analyse de l'impact Grand evenement Baade R. A., Baumann R. W. und Matheson V. A. Grosse Manner auf dem Campus: eine Schatzung der wirtschaftlichen Auswirkung von Hochschulsport auf die Lokalwirtschaft, Regional Studies. American Football und Herrenbasketball sind im Bereich des Hochschulsports die grossten Einnahmequellen. Seitens der Befurworter wird der wirtschaftliche Nutzen von Sportprogrammen als Anreiz fur Stadte zum Bau neuer Sportanlagen unter erheblichen Kosten fur die Allgemeinheit angepriesen. Fur diese Behauptungen konnten jedoch bei einer Analyse der wirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen von Heimspielen der Football- und Herrenbasketball-Mannschaften in Tallahassee (der Heimat der Florida State University) und Gainesville (der Heimat der University of Florida) im Zeitraum von 1980 bis 2007 keine Belege gefunden werden. Die Herrenbasketballspiele an diesen Universitaten hatten keine statistisch signifikante Auswirkung auf den versteuerbaren Umsatz, wahrend die Einnahmen durch Football einen bescheidenen Gewinn von ca. 2 Mio. USD pro Heimspiel abwarfen. Hochschulsport Basketball American Football Sportstadien Auswirkungsanalyse Grossveranstaltungen Baade R. A., Baumann R. W. y Matheson V. A. Grandes hombres en el campus: calculo del impacto economico de los deportes universitarios en las economias locales, Regional Studies. El Futbol Americano y el baloncesto masculino son los dos generadores de ingresos mas importantes en el departamento deportivo universitario, y sus partidarios alaban los beneficios economicos de los programas deportivos citandolos como un incentivo para que las ciudades construyan nuevas instalaciones deportivas a un gasto publico considerable. Un analisis del impacto economico de los partidos de futbol y baloncesto masculinos en Tallahassee (sede de la Universidad Estatal de Florida) y Gainesville (sede de la Universidad de Florida) entre 1980 y 2007 no ha podido respaldar estas afirmaciones. Los partidos de baloncesto masculino en estas universidades no presentan un impacto significativo desde el punto de vista estadistico sobre las ventas imponibles, mientras que el futbol produce unos beneficios modestos de aproximadamente 2 millones de dolares por partido en casa. Deportes universitarios Baloncesto Futbol americano Estadios Analisis de impacto Mega evento

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2011. "Big Men on Campus: Estimating the Economic Impact of College Sports on Local Economies," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3), pages 371-380.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:3:p:371-380
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903241519

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert A. Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor A. Matheson, 2008. "Selling the Game: Estimating the Economic Impact of Professional Sports through Taxable Sales," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 794-810, January.
    2. Dennis Coates, 2006. "The Tax Benefits of Hosting the Super Bowl and the MLB All-Star Game: The Houston Experience," International Journal of Sport Finance, Fitness Information Technology, vol. 1(4), pages 239-252, November.
    3. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 1999. "The growth effects of sport franchises, stadia, and arenas," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(4), pages 601-624.
    4. Robert Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2005. "Selling the Big Game: Estimating the Economic Impact of Mega-Events through Taxable Sales," Working Papers 0510, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    5. Dennis Coates & Craig A. Depken, II, 2006. "Mega-Events: Is the Texas-Baylor game to Waco what the Super Bowl is to Houston?," Working Papers 0606, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    6. Victor Matheson & Robert Baade, 2004. "Padding Required: Assessing the Economic Impact of the Super Bowl," Working Papers 0403, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    7. John J. Siegfried & Andrew Zimbalist, 2000. "The Economics of Sports Facilities and Their Communities," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 95-114, Summer.
    8. Coates, Dennis & Humphreys, Brad R., 2003. "The effect of professional sports on earnings and employment in the services and retail sectors in US cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 175-198, March.
    9. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 2002. "The Economic Impact of Postseason Play in Professional Sports," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 3(3), pages 291-299, August.
    10. Robert A. Baade & Victor A. Matheson, 2001. "Home Run or Wild Pitch?," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 2(4), pages 307-327, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2013. "Mega-Events And Sectoral Employment: The Case Of The 1996 Olympic Games," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(3), pages 580-603, July.
    2. Dennis Coates, 2009. "Hotel Tax Collections and a Local Mega-Event," Working Papers 0901, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    3. Philip K. Porter & Daniel M. Chin, 2012. "Economic Impact of Sports Events," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Bernard F. Lentz & David N. Laband, 2008. "The Impact of College Athletics on Employment in the Restaurant and Accommodations Industries," Working Papers 0803, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    5. Brachert, Matthias, 2018. "The regional effects of professional sports franchises: Causal evidence from four European football leagues," IWH Discussion Papers 10/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

    More about this item


    College sports; Basketball; American football; Stadiums; Impact analysis; Mega-event;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock


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