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The Impact of Proposition 48 on the Relationship Between Football Success and Football Player Graduation Rates


  • Louis H. Amato

    (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)

  • John M. Gandar

    (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)

  • Richard A. Zuber

    (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)


A previous study finds a negative relationship between football success and football player graduation rates. The present study examines whether changes in freshman eligibility standards produced by Proposition 48 impact this relationship. Our data set contains the 2 years immediately prior to the implementation of Proposition 48 and the 2 years immediately after the implementation of Proposition 48. The main finding of this article is that although football success has a negative impact on football players’ graduation rates prior to Proposition 48, there is no such relationship post-Proposition 48.

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  • Louis H. Amato & John M. Gandar & Richard A. Zuber, 2001. "The Impact of Proposition 48 on the Relationship Between Football Success and Football Player Graduation Rates," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 2(2), pages 101-112, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:jospec:v:2:y:2001:i:2:p:101-112

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    Cited by:

    1. Malcolm Getz & John Siegfried, 2010. "What Does Intercollegiate Athletics Do To or For Colleges and Universities?," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 1005, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
    2. Matheson, Victor A., 2007. "Research note: Athletic graduation rates and Simpson's Paradox," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 516-520, August.
    3. Robert Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2007. "Down, Set, Hike: The Economic Impact of College Football Games on Local Economies," Working Papers 0701, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    4. B. Erin Fairweather, 2013. "The impact of increased academic standards of Proposition 16 on the graduation rates of women and men in Division IA intercollegiate athletics," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports, chapter 11, pages 233-250 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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