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Sectoral shifts, employment specialization and the efficiency of matching: An analysis using UK regional data

  • Martin Robson
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    Robson M. (2006) Sectoral shifts, employment specialization and the efficiency of matching: an analysis using UK regional data, Regional Studies 40, 743-754. Over the past 30 years, the industry composition of unemployment in the UK has been subject to considerable structural change, the degree of which has varied significantly across regions. This paper uses Lilien's index of sectoral shifts to document the incidence of structural change across regions and, in addition, follows the work of Wren and Taylor (1999) by computing measures of the degree of specialization in regional employment. It then uses these data to examine the effect of sectoral shifts and employment specialization on the efficiency of the process with which unemployed workers are matched to available job vacancies in regional labour markets. Robson M. (2006) L'evolution sectorielle, la specialisation de l'emploi et l'adequation du travail: une analyse de donnees regionales du Royaume-Uni, Regional Studies 40, 743-754. Pendant les trente dernieres annees, la composition du chomage par industrie au Royaume-Uni a evolue considerablement du point de vue de sa structure, et dont l'importance a varie sensiblement a travers les regions. A partir de l'indice de Lilien sur l'evolution sectorielle, cet article cherche a decrire la frequence de l'evolution sectorielle a travers les regions et, en plus, suit Wren et Taylor (1999) en calculant des mesures du taux de specialisation de l'emploi regional. On se sert de ces donnees afin d'examiner l'impact de l'evolution sectorielle et de la specialisation de l'emploi sur l'efficacite du processus a partir duquel on recherche les offres d'emploi sur les marches du tavail regionaux qui correspondent aux habiletes des chomeurs. Evolution structurelle Specialisation Adequation efficacite Robson M. (2006) Sektorale Verschiebungen, Facharbeit und die Effizienz der Stellenvermittlung: eine auf regionale Daten des UK gestutzte Analyse, Regional Studies 40, 743-754. Wahrend der letzten dreissig Jahre ist im UK die Beteiligung verschiedener Industrien an der Erwerbslosigkeit betrachtlichem Strukturwandel unterworfen gewesen, dessen Ausmass erhebliche Unterschiede von einer Region zur anderen aufwies. In diesem Aufsatz wird Liliens Index sektoraler Verschiebungen benutzt, um die Haufigkeit strukturellen Wandels in samtlichen Regionen zu belegen; daruber hinaus folgen wir Wren und Taylor (1999) bei der Berechnung von Massstaben fur den Umfang der Spezialisierung in der regionalen Erwerbstatigkeit. Diese Daten werden dann dazu benutzt, die Wirkung von Sektorenverschiebungen und Spezialisierung der Erwerbstatigkeit auf die Leistungsfahigkeit des Vorgangs zu untersuchen, in dem erwerbslosen Arbeitskraften verfugbare offene Stellen im regionalen Arbeitsmarkt vermittelt werden. Strukturwandel Spezialisierung Vermittlungserfolg Robson M. (2006) Cambios sectoriales, especializacion de empleo y la eficacia en encontrar trabajo: un analisis con datos regionales del RU Analyse, Regional Studies 40, 743-754. Durante los ultimos treinta anos, la composicion industrial del desempleo en el Reino Unido ha estado sujeta a un considerable cambio estructural cuyo grado ha variado de modo significativo en las regiones. En este ensayo utilizamos el indice Lilien de los cambios sectoriales para documentar la incidencia del cambio estructural en las regiones y ademas seguimos Wren y Taylor (1999) mediante el computo de medidas del grado de especializacion en el empleo regional. Luego usamos estos datos para examinar el efecto de cambios sectoriales y la especializacion de empleo sobre la eficacia del proceso con el que se buscan puestos de trabajo en mercados laborales regionales para los trabajadores desempleados. Cambio estructural Especializacion Eficacia para encontrar trabajo

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 743-754

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:7:p:743-754
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    1. Burgess, Simon M, 1993. "A Model of Competition between Unemployed and Employed Job Searchers: An Application to the Unemployment Outflow Rate in Britain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(420), pages 1190-204, September.
    2. M. C. Burda & S. Profit, 1996. "Matching Across Space: Evidence on Mobility in the Czech Republik," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1996,11, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
    3. Barbara Petrongolo & Christopher Pissarides, 2000. "Looking into the black box: a survey of the matching function," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2122, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Abraham, Katharine G & Katz, Lawrence F, 1986. "Cyclical Unemployment: Sectoral Shifts or Aggregate Disturbances?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 507-22, June.
    5. repec:nsr:niesrd:183 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Mumford, Karen & Smith, Peter N, 1999. " The Hiring Function Reconsidered: On Closing the Circle," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(3), pages 343-64, August.
    7. Burda, Michael & Wyplosz, Charles, 1994. "Gross worker and job flows in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 1287-1315, June.
    8. Wren, Colin & Taylor, Jim, 1999. "Industrial Restructuring and Regional Policy," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 487-516, July.
    9. Dor, E. & Van der Linden, B. & Lopez-Novella, M., 1995. "On Labour Market Policies and Aggregate Unemployment Outflows," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1995015, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    10. Patricia M. Anderson & Simon M. Burgess, 1995. "Empirical Matching Functions: Estimation and Interpretation Using Disaggregate Data," NBER Working Papers 5001, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Jackman, R & Layard, Richard & Pissarides, C, 1989. "On Vacancies," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 51(4), pages 377-94, November.
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