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Durations, volume and the prediction of financial returns in transaction time

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  • Christian Hafner

Abstract

Traditional microstructural theories of asset pricing emphasize the role of volume as a trend indicator. With the availability of large transaction data sets, one has started recently to incorporate more information of the trades, such as the time between trades, to describe the multivariate dynamics of transactions. Without knowing a priori the relation between the observed components of a trade—price, duration between trades, and volume—one may follow the principle of 'letting the data speak for themselves'. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the informational content of both volume and durations to predict transaction returns using explorative non-parametric methods. The empirical results for transaction data of IBM stock prices confirm the role of volume as a trend indicator. After a sell (buy) expected returns are decreasing (increasing) with volume and increasing (decreasing) with durations. A.forecasting exercise shows that the superiority of the non-parametric model over simple parameterizations carries over to out-of-sample prediction.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Hafner, 2005. "Durations, volume and the prediction of financial returns in transaction time," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(2), pages 145-152.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:quantf:v:5:y:2005:i:2:p:145-152
    DOI: 10.1080/14697680500040033
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luc Bauwens & Pierre Giot, 2003. "Asymmetric ACD models: Introducing price information in ACD models," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 28(4), pages 709-731, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:115-126 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Stanislav Anatolyev & Dmitry Shakin, 2007. "Trade intensity in the Russian stock market: dynamics, distribution and determinants," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 87-104.
    3. Jiang, Zhi-Qiang & Chen, Wei & Zhou, Wei-Xing, 2009. "Detrended fluctuation analysis of intertrade durations," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(4), pages 433-440.
    4. Taylor, Nicholas, 2004. "Trading intensity, volatility, and arbitrage activity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 1137-1162, May.
    5. BAUWENS, Luc & HAUTSCH, Nikolaus, 2006. "Modelling financial high frequency data using point processes," CORE Discussion Papers 2006080, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    6. Christian M. Hafner, 2012. "Cross-correlating wavelet coefficients with applications to high-frequency financial time series," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 1363-1379, December.

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