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The valuation of clean spread options: linking electricity, emissions and fuels


  • René Carmona
  • Michael Coulon
  • Daniel Schwarz


The purpose of the paper is to present a new pricing method for clean spread options, and to illustrate its main features on a set of numerical examples produced by a dedicated computer code. The novelty of the approach is embedded in the use of a structural model as opposed to reduced-form models which fail to capture properly the fundamental dependencies between the economic factors entering the production process.

Suggested Citation

  • René Carmona & Michael Coulon & Daniel Schwarz, 2012. "The valuation of clean spread options: linking electricity, emissions and fuels," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(12), pages 1951-1965, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:quantf:v:12:y:2012:i:12:p:1951-1965 DOI: 10.1080/14697688.2012.750733

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Seifert, Jan & Uhrig-Homburg, Marliese & Wagner, Michael, 2008. "Dynamic behavior of CO2 spot prices," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 180-194, September.
    2. Cartea, Álvaro & Villaplana, Pablo, 2008. "Spot price modeling and the valuation of electricity forward contracts: The role of demand and capacity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2502-2519, December.
    3. Pirrong, Craig & Jermakyan, Martin, 2008. "The price of power: The valuation of power and weather derivatives," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2520-2529, December.
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/2267 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Margrabe, William, 1978. "The Value of an Option to Exchange One Asset for Another," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 33(1), pages 177-186, March.
    6. Rene Carmona & Michael Coulon & Daniel Schwarz, 2012. "Electricity price modeling and asset valuation: a multi-fuel structural approach," Papers 1205.2299,
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    Cited by:

    1. Bannör, Karl & Kiesel, Rüdiger & Nazarova, Anna & Scherer, Matthias, 2016. "Parametric model risk and power plant valuation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 423-434.
    2. Mahringer, Steffen & Fuess, Roland & Prokopczuk, Marcel, 2015. "Electricity Market Coupling and the Pricing of Transmission Rights: An Option-based Approach," Working Papers on Finance 1512, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    3. Spodniak, Petr & Bertsch, Valentin, 2017. "Determinants of power spreads in electricity futures markets: A multinational analysis," Papers WP580, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    4. Mahringer, Steffen & Prokopczuk, Marcel, 2015. "An empirical model comparison for valuing crack spread options," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 177-187.
    5. Mireille Bossy & Nadia Maizi & Odile Pourtallier, 2014. "Game theory analysis for carbon auction market through electricity market coupling," Papers 1408.6122,, revised Jan 2015.

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