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Financial reform and the efficiency of credit allocation in Korea

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  • Eduardo Borensztein
  • Jong-Wha Lee

Abstract

This study analyzes some of the structural problems associated with the Korean financial sector, and investigates the efficiency of credit allocation by the financial system over the period from 1970 to 1996. Using data at the level of 32 industrial branches, we find no evidence that credit flows were directed sectors that were more profitable, either before or after financial reforms were initiated in the 1980s. We also find that the financial support did not contribute to improve the performance of the favored industries over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Borensztein & Jong-Wha Lee, 2005. "Financial reform and the efficiency of credit allocation in Korea," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 55-68.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jpolrf:v:8:y:2005:i:1:p:55-68 DOI: 10.1080/1384128042000328941
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arturo Galindo & Fabio Schiantarelli & Andrew Weiss, 2002. "Does Financial Liberalization Improve the Allocation of Investment?: Micro Evidence from Developing Countries," Research Department Publications 4295, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Galindo, Arturo & Schiantarelli, Fabio & Weiss, Andrew, 2007. "Does financial liberalization improve the allocation of investment?: Micro-evidence from developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 562-587.
    3. Leipziger, D.M. & Petri, P.A., 1993. "Korean Industrial Policy: Legacies of the Past and Directions for the Future," World Bank - Discussion Papers 197, World Bank.
    4. Cho, Yoon Je, 1988. "The effect of financial liberalization on the efficiency of credit allocation : Some evidence from Korea," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 101-110.
    5. Galindo, Arturo & Schiantarelli, Fabio & Weiss, Andrew, 2007. "Does financial liberalization improve the allocation of investment?: Micro-evidence from developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 562-587.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit allocation; Financial reform; Korea; JEL Codes: E44; G15; O16; O53;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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