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India's National and Regional Innovation Systems: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations for Policy Makers


  • Pankaj Sharma
  • Srinivasa B. S. Nookala
  • Anubhav Sharma


There is a need for continuous reforms in India's infrastructure, innovation culture and dynamic leadership to sustain the growth of innovation. The purpose of this empirical study is to gain a better understanding of India's innovation systems. A comprehensive analysis has been done on two levels: on both a national level and a regional level. First, the section about the national level explores and explains the challenges and opportunities of India's innovation capacity using a semi-structured questionnaire of the practitioners. Second, the section about the regional level discusses the clusters formed within India through a mapping of industrial firms, educational/research institutions and innovation parks. Both an empirical activity framework and a functional-based conceptual framework have been presented to highlight the themes of “building-upgrading-promoting” and “democracy-culture-infrastructure”. Finally, this paper makes a theoretical contribution by providing a conceptual framework for studying India's innovation system and giving recommendations to policy makers about sustaining the innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Pankaj Sharma & Srinivasa B. S. Nookala & Anubhav Sharma, 2012. "India's National and Regional Innovation Systems: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations for Policy Makers," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(6), pages 517-537, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:19:y:2012:i:6:p:517-537
    DOI: 10.1080/13662716.2012.718878

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    Cited by:

    1. Lee Branstetter & Guangwei Li & Francisco Veloso, 2014. "The Rise of International Coinvention," NBER Chapters,in: The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, pages 135-168 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Anil Nair & Orhun Guldiken & Stav Fainshmidt & Amir Pezeshkan, 2015. "Innovation in India: A review of past research and future directions," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 32(4), pages 925-958, December.

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