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From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel


  • Arora, Ashish
    (Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Heinz School, Carnegie Mellon University)

  • Gambardella, Alfonso
    (Professor of Economics and Management, Laboratory of Economics and Management, Sant' Anna School of Advanced Studies)


In 1980 the Indian software industry was practically non-existent. By the 1990s the industry was one of the largest employers in manufacturing. Similar patterns of growth can be found in other emerging economies. So given that the software industry is commonly viewed as a high-tech industry, how is it that such spectacular growth has occurred in countries where high-tech industries would not seem likely to develop? This book examines the reasons behind this phenomenon, and asks whether it suggests a new model of economic development. The contributors explore the implications of the rise of these newcomers to the software market for the global industry, and whether there are things to be learnt about the role of human capital in economic growth, firm formation and capabilities, business and managerial models, and industry structure. Chapters include country studies on Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel, and are complemented by cross-cutting chapters on some of the key issues highlighted by the growth patterns of software in these nations, most notably the role of the multinational companies, the globalization of the skilled worker flows, and the formation of firm capabilities. The novelty of the growth patterns in the regions that studied makes this book useful for understanding analytical and empirical issues underlying new microfoundations of economic growth in some emerging regions of the world. Contributors to this volume - Ashish Arora, Carnegie Mellon University Suma Athreye, Open University Antonio J. Junqueira Botelho, Instituto Genesis, PUC, Rio de Janeiro Dan Breznits, MIT Alfonso Gambardella, Sant' Anna School of Advanced Studies Marco Giarratana, Universitat Carlos III, Madrid Devesh Kapur, Harvard University Steven Klepper, Carnegie Mellon University John McHale, Queen's University Alessandro Pagano, University of Ubino, Italy Anita Sands, Carnegie Mellon University Giancarlo Stefaunto, Softex, Sociedade Brasileira para a Promocao do Software Salvatore Torrisi, University of Camerino, Italy Ted Tschang, Singapore Management University Francisco Veloso, Carnegie Mellon University Lan Xue, Tsing Hua University

Suggested Citation

  • Arora, Ashish & Gambardella, Alfonso (ed.), 2006. "From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199205318.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780199205318

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    Cited by:

    1. F Ted Tschang, 2011. "A Comparison of the Industrialization Paths for Asian Services Outsourcing Industries, and Implications for Poverty Alleviation," Working Papers id:4537, eSocialSciences.
    2. Sharath Chandra N. & G. L. Shekar & N. V. Raghavendra, 2015. "Aerospace cluster of Bangalore: Can the SMEs take up the challenges?," Journal of Asian Business Strategy, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(9), pages 191-199, September.

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