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Savings and financial sector development: panel cointegration evidence from Africa


  • Roger Kelly
  • George Mavrotas


The paper uses different measures of financial sector development (FSD) for a dynamic heterogeneous panel of 17 African countries to examine the impact of FSD on private savings. An innovative econometric methodology is also employed related to a series of cointegration tests within a panel. This is an important contribution, since traditional panel data analysis adopted in previous studies suffers from serious heterogeneity bias problems. The empirical results obtained vary considerably among countries in the panel, thus highlighting the importance of using different measures of FSD rather than a single indicator. The evidence is rather inconclusive, although in most of the countries in the sample, a positive relationship between FSD and private savings seems to hold. The empirical analysis also suggests that a change in government savings is offset by an opposite change in private savings in most of the countries in the panel, thus confirming the Ricardian equivalence hypothesis. Liquidity constraints do not seem to play a vital role in most of the African countries in the group, since the relevant coefficient is negative and significant in only a small group of countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Roger Kelly & George Mavrotas, 2008. "Savings and financial sector development: panel cointegration evidence from Africa," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(7), pages 563-581.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurjfi:v:14:y:2008:i:7:p:563-581 DOI: 10.1080/13518470801890602

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Zhao, Quanshui, 2001. "Asymptotically Efficient Median Regression In The Presence Of Heteroskedasticity Of Unknown Form," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(04), pages 765-784, August.
    2. Ma, Lingjie & Koenker, Roger, 2006. "Quantile regression methods for recursive structural equation models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 134(2), pages 471-506, October.
    3. Richard Blundell & James L. Powell, 2001. "Endogeneity in nonparametric and semiparametric regression models," CeMMAP working papers CWP09/01, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Michelle L. Barnes & Anthony W. Hughes, 2002. "A quantile regression analysis of the cross section of stock market returns," Working Papers 02-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    5. Koenker, Roger & Park, Beum J., 1996. "An interior point algorithm for nonlinear quantile regression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 265-283.
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    Cited by:

    1. James B. Ang, 2011. "Savings Mobilization, Financial Development And Liberalization: The Case Of Malaysia," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(3), pages 449-470, September.
    2. Manoel Bittencourt & Chance Mwabutwa & Nicola Viegi, 2012. "Financial Reforms and Consumption Behaviour in Malawi," Working Papers 201210, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    3. Sahoo, Pravakar & Dash, Ranjan Kumar, 2013. "Financial sector development and domestic savings in South Asia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 388-397.


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