Do the teachers' grading practices affect student achievement?
The present paper explores empirically the relationship between teacher grading and student achievement. The hypothesis is that the teachers can manipulate student effort, and hence student achievement, by choosing the proper grading practices. The grading model is analogous to a labor supply model, where the teachers can set the marginal returns to achievement or determine the grade level that is independent of real achievement. The empirical analysis shows that grading differences in the lower secondary school in Norway are much like differences in non-labor income and, further, that students who are exposed to hard grading perform significantly better than other students.
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Volume (Year): 12 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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- Becker, W. & Rosen, S., 1990.
"The Learning Effect Of Assessment And Evaluation In High School,"
University of Chicago - Economics Research Center
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- Steven G. Rivkin & Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain, 2005.
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Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 417-458, 03.
- Betts, Julian R. & Grogger, Jeff, 2003.
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Economics of Education Review,
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- Julian R. Betts & Jeff Grogger, 2000. "The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings," NBER Working Papers 7875, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Montmarquette, Claude & Mahseredjian, Sophie, 1989. "Could teacher grading practices account for unexplained variation in school achievements?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 335-343, August.
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