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Effectiveness of R&D subsidies during the crisis: firm-level evidence across EU countries

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  • David Aristei
  • Alessandro Sterlacchini
  • Francesco Venturini

Abstract

This paper is one of the first attempts in the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of R&D policies in Europe during the great crisis of the late 2000s. Using homogenous firm-level data for the largest EU Member States over the period 2007–2009, we test whether manufacturing firms receiving public subsidies spent more on R&D. The analysis is performed using both non-parametric techniques and parametric estimation methods accounting for the possible endogenous selectivity of R&D subsidies. The hypothesis of full crowding-out is rejected in all countries under exam as firms did not replace their own resources with public grants. However, these firms did not allocate additional funds to research and hence, differently from earlier works, we do not find evidence for additionality effects of R&D subsidies. Our estimates indicate that, albeit not expansive, public subsidies to R&D thwarted the reduction of firm R&D efforts in the aftermath of economic crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • David Aristei & Alessandro Sterlacchini & Francesco Venturini, 2017. "Effectiveness of R&D subsidies during the crisis: firm-level evidence across EU countries," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(6), pages 554-573, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:26:y:2017:i:6:p:554-573
    DOI: 10.1080/10438599.2016.1249543
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Maria Tsouri & Jens Hanson & Håkon Endresen Normann, 2020. "Does participation in knowledge networks facilitate international market access? The case of offshore wind," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20200303, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    2. Jorge Andrés Vélez-Ospina & Isabel Busom Piquer, 2020. "Subsidizing Innovation Over the Business Cycle," Working Papers wpdea2001, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    3. Alessandro Sterlacchini & Francesco Venturini, 2019. "R&D tax incentives in EU countries: does the impact vary with firm size?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 687-708, October.
    4. Barajas, Ascensión & Huergo, Elena & Moreno, Lourdes, 2017. "Public Support to Business R&D and the Economic Crisis: Spanish Evidence," MPRA Paper 81529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Bianchini, Stefano & Llerena, Patrick & Martino, Roberto, 2019. "The impact of R&D subsidies under different institutional frameworks," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 65-78.
    6. Sonja Radas & Andrea Mervar & Bruno Škrinjarić, 2020. "Regional Perspective on R&D Policies for SMEs: Does Success Breed Success?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-25, May.
    7. Stjepan Srhoj & Bruno Škrinjarić & Sonja Radas, 2018. "Bidding against the odds? The impact evaluation of grants for young micro and small firms during the recession," Working Papers 374, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).

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