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New revelations about unemployment persistence in Spain: time-series and panel data approaches using regional data

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  • P. Garcia-del-Barrio
  • L. A. Gil-Alana

Abstract

This article aims to re-examine the persistence of unemployment in Spain. For this purpose, we use time-series and cross-section analysis. From a time-series viewpoint we disaggregate unemployment by regions, and use unit root tests, AR coefficients and fractional differencing parameters as indicators of persistence. For the cross-section approach, we first estimate mean regressions of regional unemployment rates. Then, using a panel of 114 periods and 50 provinces, we estimate pooled, fixed and random effects models. Finally, following some recent developments, we implement several panel data unit root tests. Previous studies had already shown the strong persistence of Spanish unemployment. Our disaggregated analysis extends the finding to reveal that the persistence is greater in the most industrialized regions. The results also suggest that a structural break took place in 1994, implying a decline in the unemployment persistence since then.

Suggested Citation

  • P. Garcia-del-Barrio & L. A. Gil-Alana, 2009. "New revelations about unemployment persistence in Spain: time-series and panel data approaches using regional data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(2), pages 219-236.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:2:p:219-236
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840600994237
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guell, Maia, 2001. "Fixed-term contracts and the duration distribution of unemployment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20122, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Gordon Wilkinson, 1997. "A Micro Approach to the Issue of Hysteresis in Unemployment: Evidence from the 1988­1990 Labour Market Activity Survey," Staff Working Papers 97-12, Bank of Canada.
    3. Nuno Crato & Philip Rothman, "undated". "Measuring Hysteresis in Unemployment Rates with Long Memory Models," Working Papers 9619, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Patuelli & Norbert Schanne & Daniel A. Griffith & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "Persistence Of Regional Unemployment: Application Of A Spatial Filtering Approach To Local Labor Markets In Germany," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 300-323, May.
    2. Werner, Daniel, 2014. "New insights into the development of regional unemployment disparities," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100416, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & M. Rose Olfert & Ying Tan, 2015. "When Spatial Equilibrium Fails: Is Place-Based Policy Second Best?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(8), pages 1303-1325, August.

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