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Openness and economic growth: an empirical investigation


  • Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee
  • Farhang Niroomand


Unlike previous research that investigated the relation between exports and output, in this paper we assess the long-run relation between the degree of openness and economic growth. For the many countries considered here, we find a positive long-run relation between openness and economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Farhang Niroomand, 1999. "Openness and economic growth: an empirical investigation," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(9), pages 557-561.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:6:y:1999:i:9:p:557-561 DOI: 10.1080/135048599352592

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Krugman, Paul, 1989. "Differences in income elasticities and trends in real exchange rates," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 1031-1046, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2012. "Does trade openness affect long run growth? Cointegration, causality and forecast error variance decomposition tests for Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2325-2339.
    2. Zohreh Shirani Fakhr & Azita Sheikhbahaie, 2008. "Openness, Growth, and Development: Evidence from a Panel of East Asian Countries," Iranian Economic Review, Economics faculty of Tehran university, vol. 13(2), pages 157-174, fall.
    3. Anupam Das & Biru Paksha Paul, 2011. "Openness and growth in emerging Asian economies: Evidence from GMM estimations of a dynamic panel," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(3), pages 2219-2228.
    4. Lemmens, Aurélie & Croux, Christophe & Dekimpe, Marnik G., 2008. "Measuring and testing Granger causality over the spectrum: An application to European production expectation surveys," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 414-431.
    5. Rami Hodrab & Mansoor Maitah & Smutka Luboš, 2016. "The Effect of Information and Communication Technology on Economic Growth: Arab World Case," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(2), pages 765-775.
    6. Barbara Vis & Jaap Woldendorp & Hans Keman, 2013. "Examining variation in economic performance using fuzzy-sets," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 1971-1989, June.

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