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The Disadvantaged Among the Dutch: A Survey Approach to the Multidimensional Measurement of Social Exclusion

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  • J. Vrooman

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  • Stella Hoff

    ()

Abstract

While combating social exclusion has been a key target of the European Union’s social policy in recent years, the concept remains contested and various ways of measuring its prevalence have been proposed. In the Netherlands a survey-based method has been in use since 2004, which refers to four theoretical elements of social exclusion: material deprivation, limited social participation, inadequate access to basic social rights and a lack of normative integration. In this article we propose an improved and more concise version of the instrument. Using focus groups and cognitive tests, the study first examined whether it adequately covers the different elements of social exclusion. Based on the results, the existing items were reformulated and supplemented. A revised questionnaire was then submitted to a new stratified sample of 650 respondents, randomly drawn from an online panel and a database of people without access to the Internet. The weighted outcomes may be regarded as representative for the entire adult Dutch population, although some caveats apply. Using nonlinear canonical correlation analysis, we identified a single underlying dimension in our new data set. This contains 15 items, with three to four indicators for each of the theoretical elements of social exclusion. According to our general index, just under 5 % of the Dutch population aged 18 years or older are faced with a serious degree of social exclusion. On the four subscales the figure ranges from 7 % (social rights) to 22 % (material deprivation). Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Suggested Citation

  • J. Vrooman & Stella Hoff, 2013. "The Disadvantaged Among the Dutch: A Survey Approach to the Multidimensional Measurement of Social Exclusion," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 113(3), pages 1261-1287, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:113:y:2013:i:3:p:1261-1287
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0138-1
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11205-012-0138-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. SIMION-MELINTE & Alexandru Ionut PETRISOR & Vasile MEITA & Victor RADU, 2011. "From Army To Entrepreneurship," International Conference Modern Approaches in Organisational Management and Economy, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 5(1), pages 537-541, November.
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    3. Brian Nolan & Christopher T Whelan, 2011. "The EU 2020 Poverty Target," Working Papers 201111, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    4. van der Burg, Eeke & de Leeuw, Jan & Dijksterhuis, Garmt, 1994. "OVERALS : Nonlinear canonical correlation with k sets of variables," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 141-163, August.
    5. Francesco Devicienti & Ambra Poggi, 2011. "Poverty and social exclusion: two sides of the same coin or dynamically interrelated processes?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(25), pages 3549-3571.
    6. Atkinson, Tony & Cantillon, Bea & Marlier, Eric & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199253494.
    7. Ambra Poggi, 2007. "Does persistence of social exclusion exist in Spain?," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 5(1), pages 53-72, April.
    8. Esping-Andersen, Gosta, 1999. "Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198742005.
    9. Nuran Bayram & Firat Bilgel & Nazan Bilgel, 2012. "Social Exclusion and Quality of Life: An Empirical Study from Turkey," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 105(1), pages 109-120, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. J. Boelhouwer & R. Bijl, 2017. "Long-Term Trends in Quality of Life: An Introduction," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(1), pages 1-8, January.
    2. repec:spr:ijphth:v:63:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s00038-017-1026-x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Agnese Peruzzi, 2015. "From Childhood Deprivation to Adult Social Exclusion: Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 120(1), pages 117-135, January.
    4. Moniek Coumans & Hans Schmeets, 2015. "The Socially Excluded in the Netherlands: The Development of an Overall Index," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 122(3), pages 779-805, July.
    5. repec:spr:soinre:v:135:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1486-z is not listed on IDEAS

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