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Trade–Terrorist Evaluation Index (TTEi)

Author

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  • Alam Khan

    () (University of Malaya)

  • Zarinah Yusof

    () (University of Malaya)

Abstract

Abstract This paper introduces a new index which measures the responsiveness of terrorist attacks to the international trade. The main idea of this study is to analyse the international trade performance from terrorist attacks point of view. There are two main parts of this research paper, first part relates to theoretical and conceptual framework of trade–terrorist evaluation index (TTEi). This TTEi has four stages (i) total trade volume, (ii) trade growth rate, (iii) terrorism (TR) vulnerability growth rate and (iv) TTEi. The second part is associated with the application of TTEi to the economies of Iraq and Afghanistan. This study provides a new approach to analyze the international trade and TR from a novel perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Alam Khan & Zarinah Yusof, 2017. "Trade–Terrorist Evaluation Index (TTEi)," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 365-375, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:qualqt:v:51:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11135-016-0309-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s11135-016-0309-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas Gries & Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2011. "Causal Linkages Between Domestic Terrorism and Economic Growth," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(5), pages 493-508, June.
    2. Alam Khan & Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada & Zarinah Yusof, 2016. "Terrorism and India: an economic perspective," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 1833-1844, July.
    3. Christoph Moser & Thorsten Nestmann & Michael Wedow, 2008. "Political Risk and Export Promotion: Evidence from Germany," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(6), pages 781-803, June.
    4. Tavares, Jose, 2004. "The open society assesses its enemies: shocks, disasters and terrorist attacks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1039-1070, July.
    5. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
    6. Estrada, Mario Arturo Ruiz & Yap, Su Fei, 2013. "The origins and evolution of policy modeling," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 170-182.
    7. Nitsch, Volker & Schumacher, Dieter, 2004. "Terrorism and international trade: an empirical investigation," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 423-433, June.
    8. Estrada, Mario Arturo Ruiz & Park, Donghyun & Kim, Jung Suk & Khan, Alam, 2015. "The economic impact of terrorism: A new model and its application to Pakistan," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1065-1080.
    9. Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo, 2011. "Policy modeling: Definition, classification and evaluation," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 523-536, July.
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