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Economic growth and stagnation with endogenous health and fertility

  • Holger Strulik


This article offers a theory of economic growth, stagnation, and demo-economic transition that originates from external effects of child-bearing, health expenditure, and education under endogenous mortality. Facing a hierarchy of needs, parents always consume and want to have a family. Child quality, measured as a two-dimensional vector of child health and schooling, becomes only affordable when uncontrollable mortality is sufficiently low. Child quality expenditure initiates an economic take-off and convergence towards perpetual growth while its absence may cause convergence towards an equilibrium of economic stagnation and high fertility. This way, the article provides an explanation for diverging growth rates from a cross-country perspective. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2004

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Article provided by Springer & European Society for Population Economics in its journal Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 17 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 (08)
Pages: 433-453

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:17:y:2004:i:3:p:433-453
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-004-0188-z
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  1. Oded Galor & David N. Weil, 1998. "Population, Technology, and Growth: From the Malthusian Regime to the Demographic Transition and Beyond," NBER Working Papers 6811, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Wolpin, Kenneth I, 1980. "Testing the Quantity-Quality Fertility Model: The Use of Twins as a Natural Experiment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 227-40, January.
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  16. anonymous, 1995. "Growth continues for Florida," Regional Update, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Oct, pages 8-10.
  17. Andreoni, James, 1989. "Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1447-58, December.
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