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Turkish Migration Policy from the 1960s Until Today: What National Development Plans Tell Us


  • Hakan Kilic

    (Danube University Krems)

  • Gudrun Biffl

    (Danube University Krems)


This paper is on migration and migration policy transition of Turkey. The focus is on the Turkish National Development Plans from the 1960s until today and the socio-political and economic context. We identify three distinct periods. The first period of the 1960s is characterized by an explicit support of out-migration to reduce population pressure and on remittances to promote economic growth. The second period from the 1970s to 2000 is marked by diaspora policies of Turkey relative to Europe, thereby acknowledging the role of the Turkish diaspora in the promotion of Turkish economic development and international relations. Since the year of 2000, Turkish migration policy turned to the promotion of highly skilled immigration, aiming at the promotion of technological progress towards a knowledge society with the support of intellectual elites. The policy transition towards the promotion of highly skilled immigration goes hand in hand with institutional and legal changes, which we specify.

Suggested Citation

  • Hakan Kilic & Gudrun Biffl, 2022. "Turkish Migration Policy from the 1960s Until Today: What National Development Plans Tell Us," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 2047-2073, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joimai:v:23:y:2022:i:4:d:10.1007_s12134-021-00912-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s12134-021-00912-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

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