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Running with the pack? The role of Universities of applied science in a German research network

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  • Falk Strotebeck

Abstract

Hochschulen nehmen in regionalen Innovationssystemen eine wichtige Rolle ein. Sie sammeln, archivieren und schaffen neues Wissen, welches für einen andauernden Innovationsprozess unabdingbar ist. Insbesondere der Wissenstransfer über kooperative Forschung zwischen Hochschulen und Unternehmen, der Wissenschaft und der Wirtschaft, stellt einen wichtigen Faktor zur produktiven Anwendung neuer Forschungsergebnisse dar. Die kooperative Zusammenarbeit von Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft führt zu einem Netzwerk aus Akteuren innerhalb der deutschen Forschungslandschaft. In dem Artikel werden die Entwicklung des Forschungsnetzwerkes für über eine Dekade dargestellt und dynamische Veränderungen innerhalb des Zeitraumes aufgezeigt. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage, wie sich unterschiedliche Hochschultypen (Universitäten und Fachhochschulen) über die Zeit innerhalb des Netzwerkes positioniert haben, insbesondere, ob diese im Netzwerk komplementäre Positionen einnehmen oder die Angleichung der beiden Hochschularten auch zu ähnlichen, austauschbaren Rollen im Netzwerk führen. Die Netzwerkanalyse fußt auf Daten des Förderkataloges des Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung für die Jahre 1999 bis 2013. Die Ergebnisse zeigen die generell erwartete, eher geringe Einbindung von Akteuren aus Fachhochschulen innerhalb des Forschungsnetzwerkes. Insbesondere zeigen Akteure der Universitäten im Unterschied zu Fachhochschulen eine erhöhte Kooperationsaktivität untereinander. Kooperationen zwischen den Akteuren der Fachhochschulen dagegen sind nur äußerst selten beobachtbar. Nichtsdestoweniger nimmt die Anzahl aktiver Teilnehmer aus den Reihen der Fachhochschulen im Netzwerk seit der verstärkten Förderung angewandter Forschung durch Fachhochschulen deutlich zu. Anstelle einer komplementären Funktion im Netzwerk scheinen Fachhochschulen und Universitäten jedoch eher ähnliche Positionen einzunehmen. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Falk Strotebeck, 2014. "Running with the pack? The role of Universities of applied science in a German research network," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 34(2), pages 139-156, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jahrfr:v:34:y:2014:i:2:p:139-156
    DOI: 10.1007/s10037-014-0090-4
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    Cited by:

    1. Brökel, Tom & Mewes, Lars, 2020. "Der Beitrag von Hochschulen zur Einbindung von Regionen in politisch induzierte Wissensnetzwerke," Forschungsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze, in: Postlep, Rolf-Dieter & Blume, Lorenz & Hülz, Martina (ed.), Hochschulen und ihr Beitrag für eine nachhaltige Regionalentwicklung, volume 11, pages 233-259, ARL – Akademie für Raumentwicklung in der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Network; Higher education institutions; Regional innovation system; Cluster; Knowledge transfer; R11; R12; L14;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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