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Determinants of the Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Fritsch
  • Viktor Slavtchev

Abstract

Fritsch M. and Slavtchev V. Determinants of the efficiency of regional innovation systems, Regional Studies. This paper analyses differences in the efficiency of regional innovation systems. Alternative measures for the efficiency of regional innovation systems based on the concept of a knowledge production function are discussed. The empirical findings suggest that spillovers from within the private sector as well as from universities and other public research institutions have a positive effect on the efficiency of private sector research and development. It is particularly the intensity of interactions between private and public sector research and development that increases the efficiency. It is found that regions dominated by large establishments tend to be less efficient than regions with a lower average establishment size. [image omitted] Fritsch M. et Slavtchev V. Les determinants de l'efficience des systemes d'innovation regionaux, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a analyser les ecarts d'efficience des systemes d'innovation regionaux (SIR). On discute des autres mesures de l'efficience des SIR fondees sur la notion d'une fonction de production de la connaissance. Les resultats empiriques laissent supposer que les retombees provenant de l'interieur du secteur prive aussi bien que des universites et des autres etablissements publics de recherche ont un effet positif sur l'efficience de la R et D du secteur prive. C'est notamment l'intensite de l'interaction entre la R et D du secteur prive et celle du secteur public qui augmente l'efficience. Il s'avere que les regions ou predominent les grands etablissements ont tendance a etre moins efficients que ne le sont les regions ou la taille des etablissements est inferieure a la moyenne. Systemes d'innovation regionaux Efficience technique Brevets Fritsch M. und Slavtchev V. Determinanten der technischen Effizienz von regionalen Innovationssystemen, Regional Studies. Wir analysieren Unterschiede in der Effizienz regionaler Innovationssysteme (RIS). Zunachst werden alternative Masse fur die Effizienz von RIS diskutiert, die auf dem Konzept der Wissensproduktionsfunktion aufbauen. Die empirischen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass sowohl Spillover aus dem privaten Sektor als auch von Hochschulen und anderen offentlichen Forschungseinrichtungen die Effizienz privater F&E-Aktivitaten positiv beeinflussen. Insbesondere die Intensitat der Interaktion zwischen offentlichen Einrichtungen und dem Privatsektor fuhrt zu hoher Effizienz. Regionen, die durch Grossbetriebe dominiert sind, weisen tendenziell eine geringere Effizienz der Innovationsaktivitaten auf als Regionen mit einer geringeren durchschnittlichen Betriebsgrosse. Regionales Innovationssystem Technische Effizienz Patente Fritsch M. y Slavtchev V. Determinantes de la eficiencia de los sistemas de innovacion regional, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos las diferencias en la eficiencia de los sistemas regionales de innovacion (SRI). Asimismo estudiamos medidas alternativas para la eficiencia de los SRI en funcion del concepto de una funcion de produccion del conocimiento. Los resultados empiricos indican que los desbordamientos desde dentro del sector privado asi como de las universidades y otras instituciones de investigacion publicas tienen un efecto positivo en la eficiencia de I + D del sector privado. Es especialmente la intensidad de las interacciones entre la I + D del sector privado y publico la que aumenta la eficiencia. Observamos que las regiones dominadas por grandes establecimientos tienden a ser menos eficientes que las regiones con un tamano medio mas bajo de establecimientos. Sistema de innovacion regional Eficacia tecnica Patentes

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Fritsch & Viktor Slavtchev, 2011. "Determinants of the Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(7), pages 905-918.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:905-918
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400802251494
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nadiri, M.I., 1993. "Innovations and Technological Spillovers," Working Papers 93-31, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    2. Wesley M. Cohen & Richard R. Nelson & John P. Walsh, 2000. "Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not)," NBER Working Papers 7552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. M. Ishaq Nadiri, 1993. "Innovations and Technological Spillovers," NBER Working Papers 4423, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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