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Multidimensional Child Poverty from the Child Rights-Based Approach: A Latent Class Analysis to Estimating Child Poverty Groups in Mexico


  • Yedith B. Guillén-Fernández

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Programa Universitario de Estudios del Desarrollo (PUED))

  • Delfino Vargas-Chanes

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Programa Universitario de Estudios del Desarrollo (PUED))


The study aims at estimating multidimensional poverty groups among children under five years of age in Mexico. Our analysis is based upon the framework on the Rights of the Child. For this purpose, we focus on identifying different types of child deprivation and the various risk factors that determine child poverty in Mexico, such as the type of locality, ethnicity and the region of Mexico where children live, among others. The study is based on the theoretical notion that children must realize their specific rights, established in the Mexican legal framework, in order to achieve an adequate standard of living and guarantee the well-being and development of children. For this reason, child development has been included as one of the analytical dimensions of poverty, because this has been often discarded in child poverty studies. We support the idea that any violation of social rights means deprivation. The method applied in this research is a conditional latent class analysis and we use covariates which have helped for better predicting the average probabilities of experiencing deprivations in each latent class. Thus, the main objective of the study is to identify groups of children experiencing extreme, moderate and no poverty. The results show that children under five years in Mexico, belonging to the poorest stratum have represented about twenty percent; however, fifty percent of them have experienced moderate poverty and only thirty percent are non-poor. We conclude that universal and targeted policies should be implemented to eradicate multidimensional child poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Yedith B. Guillén-Fernández & Delfino Vargas-Chanes, 2021. "Multidimensional Child Poverty from the Child Rights-Based Approach: A Latent Class Analysis to Estimating Child Poverty Groups in Mexico," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 14(5), pages 1949-1978, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:chinre:v:14:y:2021:i:5:d:10.1007_s12187-021-09840-1
    DOI: 10.1007/s12187-021-09840-1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jose Cuesta & Mario Biggeri & Gonzalo Hernandez-Licona & Ricardo Aparicio & Yedith Guillén-Fernández, 2020. "The political economy of multidimensional child poverty measurement: a comparative analysis of Mexico and Uganda," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(2), pages 117-134, July.
    2. Hirotugu Akaike, 1987. "Factor analysis and AIC," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 317-332, September.
    3. Mario Biggeri & Jose Antonio Cuesta, 2021. "An Integrated Framework for Child Poverty and Well-Being Measurement: Reconciling Theories," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 14(2), pages 821-846, April.
    4. Schotte, Simone & Zizzamia, Rocco & Leibbrandt, Murray, 2018. "A poverty dynamics approach to social stratification: The South African case," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 88-103.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lechuga-Rodriguez, Eduardo Luis, 2022. "Clustering of food poverty among Mexican children: A spatial analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    2. Jiachang Gao & Zenghui Huo & Mei Zhang & Baoqiang Liang, 2022. "The Capability Approach to Adolescent Poverty in China: Application of a Latent Class Model," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 12(9), pages 1-14, August.
    3. Eirini Leriou, 2023. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round Five," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 16(4), pages 1395-1451, August.
    4. Eirini Leriou, 2022. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round four," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 15(6), pages 1967-2011, December.

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