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Konflikty o ziemię rolną – perspektywa ekonomiczna

Author

Listed:
  • Dominika Milczarek-Andrzejewska
  • Jerzy Wilkin
  • Renata Marks-Bielska
  • Adam Czarnecki
  • Anna Bartczak

Abstract

Ziemi rolnej przypisuje się wiele funkcji – jest zasobem zarówno gospodarczym, jak i przyrodniczym, kulturowym oraz symbolicznym. Wielofunkcyjność ziemi rolnej może jednak rodzić konflikty dotyczące jej wykorzystania, a te z kolei znaczne skutki ekonomiczne. Ekonomiści w swoich pracach nie podejmują jednak zazwyczaj tematu konfliktów. Celem pracy jest wypełnienie tej luki. W artykule przedstawiono koncepcje ekonomiczne, które mogą być wykorzystywane do badania konfliktów interesów związanych z użytkowaniem ziemi rolnej. Niniejsza praca koncentruje się na zagadnieniach metodologicznych i ma charakter przeglądowy. Wśród różnych szkół i teorii, które są przydatne w ekonomicznej analizie konfliktów, zwrócono szczególną uwagę na nową ekonomię instytucjonalną i teorię wyboru publicznego, które często są wykorzystywane także przez ekonomistów rolnictwa oraz środowiska i zasobów naturalnych. W artykule wskazano na duże znaczenie instytucjonalnych ram funkcjonowania rynku ziemi, w tym relacji kontraktowych i regulacji publicznej. Pokazano także, że ekonomia oferuje narzędzia do badania konfliktów na różnych płaszczyznach dzięki zwróceniu uwagi na odmienne interesy i zasoby ekonomiczne różnych aktorów oraz relacje między teraźniejszymi a przyszłymi potrzebami społeczeństw. Przedstawione zostały przykłady badań empirycznych na temat konfliktów dotyczących ziemi rolnej w Polsce.

Suggested Citation

  • Dominika Milczarek-Andrzejewska & Jerzy Wilkin & Renata Marks-Bielska & Adam Czarnecki & Anna Bartczak, 2020. "Konflikty o ziemię rolną – perspektywa ekonomiczna," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 4, pages 5-31.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2020:i:4:p:5-31
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    teorie ekonomiczne; konflikty interesów; konflikty o ziemię rolną; rynek ziemi rolnej; wielofunkcyjność ziemi rolnej;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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