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Unilateral tariff cuts: a theory

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  • СОКОЛОВСКАЯ Е.В.

    (Научно-исследовательский центр проблем налогообложения и финансового права НИИ фискальной политики Государственной фискальной службы Украины)

Abstract

Предметом исследования являются теоретические и прикладные вопросы внешней торговли Украины и ЕС в контексте современных теорий торговли. Целью исследования является анализ основных теоретических и практических подходов к односторонней либерализации внешней торговли. Методы исследования. В работе использованы методы сравнительного анализа, синтеза, логического обобщения результатов. Результаты работы. В статье представлен анализ современных теоретических и практических подходов к односторонней либерализации внешней торговли; исследовано текущее состояние тарифного регулирования в торговле товарами между Украиной и ЕС. Областью применения результатов исследования является процесс внешней торговли товарами. Выводы. Проведенный анализ позволил обосновать, что сокращение либо ликвидация таможенных пошлин в одностороннем порядке может привести либо к развитию торговли, либо к ее сворачиванию, в зависимости от наличия рыночной власти у страны-бенефициара. Полученные результаты могут быть использованы в процессе дальнейшей оценки влияния одностороннего сокращения таможенных пошлин в торговле Украины и ЕС.The research question consists of theoretical and practical implications of the Ukraine-EU trade in the context of modern trade theory. The purpose of study is to analyze both theoretical approaches and practical implicationsof unilateral tariff preference schemes. Research methods. In our study we used both comparative analysis and synthesis methods, and also a logical generalization of obtained results. Results. The article analyses modern theoretical and practical approaches to the non-reciprocal trade liberalization; also we examined current situation with tariff regulation in Ukraine-EU commodity trade. Scope of application. The obtained results could be applied in the process of external trade in goods. Conclusion. The provided analysis allowed us to substantiate that unilateral tariff reduction or elimination under these schemes could lead either to trade creation or trade diversion, depending firstly form the presence of market power of beneficiary country. The obtained results could be used for further estimation of impact of non-reciprocal reduction of tariffs by EU governments on Ukrainian export flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Соколовская Е.В., 2016. "Unilateral tariff cuts: a theory," Экономический вестник университета. Сборник научных трудов ученых и аспирантов, CyberLeninka;Государственное высшее учебное заведение «Переяслав-Хмельницкий государственный педагогический университет имени Григория Сковороды», issue 29-1, pages 268-274.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:032862:16809944
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fabien Candau & Sébastien Jean, 2005. "What Are EU Trade Preferences Worth for Sub-Saharan Africa and Other Developing Countries?," Working Papers 2005-19, CEPII research center.
    2. Ozden, Caglar & Reinhardt, Eric, 2005. "The perversity of preferences: GSP and developing country trade policies, 1976-2000," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 1-21, October.
    3. Ketterer, Tobias D. & Bernhofen, Daniel M. & Milner, Chris, 2015. "The impact of trade preferences on multilateral tariff cuts: Evidence for Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 31-51.
    4. Krueger, Anne O, 1974. "The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(3), pages 291-303, June.
    5. Bernhard Herz & Marco Wagner, 2011. "The Dark Side of the Generalized System of Preferences," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 763-775, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sokolovska, Olena & Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2016. "Optimization of government trade behavior and its implication for small developing economy (the case of Ukraine)," MPRA Paper 71983, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ТАРИФНЫЕ ЛЬГОТЫ; ВНЕШНЕТОРГОВАЯ ПОЛИТИКА; ОДНОСТОРОННЯЯ ЛИБЕРАЛИЗАЦИЯ ВНЕШНЕЙ ТОРГОВЛИ; TARIFF PREFERENCES; TRADE POLICY; UNILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION; ТАРИФНОї ПіЛЬГИ; ЗОВНіШНЬОТОРГОВЕЛЬНА ПОЛіТИКА; ОДНОБіЧНА ЛіБЕРАЛіЗАЦіЯ ЗОВНіШНЬОї ТОРГіВЛі;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General

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