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Geographical Skills Mismatch, Job Search and Race

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  • Michael A. Stoll

    (Department of Public Policy, School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1656, USA, mstoll@ucla.edu)

Abstract

This paper examines whether a geographical skills mismatch exists between the location of less-educated minorities, in particular African Americans, and high-skill job concentrations and, if so, whether it contributes to the relatively poor employment outcomes of this group. It explores these questions by examining data on the recent geographical search patterns of less-educated workers in Los Angeles and Atlanta from the Multi-city Study of Urban Inequality. These data are combined with employer data from the concurrent Multi-city Employer Survey to characterise the geographical areas searched by respondents with respect to high-skill job requirements. The results indicate that, in relation to less-educated Whites, comparable Blacks and Latinos search in areas with higher levels of job skill requirements. Moreover, racial residential segregation as well as Blacks' lower car access rates account for most of Blacks' (but not Latinos') relatively greater mismatch. Evidence is also found that such a geographical skills mismatch is negatively related to employment and accounts for a significant share of the racial differences in employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael A. Stoll, 2005. "Geographical Skills Mismatch, Job Search and Race," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 42(4), pages 695-717, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:42:y:2005:i:4:p:695-717
    DOI: 10.1080/00420980500060228
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Steven Raphael & Michael A. Stoll, 2000. "Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps," JCPR Working Papers 200, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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    4. Stoll, Michael A., 1999. "Spatial Job Search, Spatial Mismatch, and the Employment and Wages of Racial and Ethnic Groups in Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 129-155, July.
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    Cited by:

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    2. Badland, Hannah & Pearce, Jamie, 2019. "Liveable for whom? Prospects of urban liveability to address health inequities," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 232(C), pages 94-105.
    3. Hannah Badland & Melanie Davern & Karen Villanueva & Suzanne Mavoa & Allison Milner & Rebecca Roberts & Billie Giles-Corti, 2016. "Conceptualising and Measuring Spatial Indicators of Employment Through a Liveability Lens," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 127(2), pages 565-576, June.
    4. Lingqian Hu, 2017. "Job accessibility and employment outcomes: which income groups benefit the most?," Transportation, Springer, vol. 44(6), pages 1421-1443, November.

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