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Gibrat's Law and the Growth of Cities in Brazil: A Panel Data Investigation


  • Marcelo Resende

    (Instituto de Economia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Pasteur 250, Urca, 22290-240, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil,


The paper builds on the results of Clark and Stabler who associated Gibrat's law on the independence of growth rate and city size with unit root tests. The paper proposes a direct test of the unit root hypothesis for firm size based on recently developed panel data unit root tests. The results for a sample of Brazilian cities over the period 1980-2000 favour Gibrat's law. Moreover, the results are robust when one considers sub-samples defined for different population sizes and age of municipality.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Resende, 2004. "Gibrat's Law and the Growth of Cities in Brazil: A Panel Data Investigation," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 41(8), pages 1537-1549, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:41:y:2004:i:8:p:1537-1549

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