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Is Urban Economic Growth Inclusive in India?

Author

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  • Sabyasachi Tripathi

    (The author is Fellow, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), Lodhi Road, New Delhi, email: sabya.tripathi@gmail.com)

Abstract

This article measures the overall inclusive growth of a city by considering changing trends in key economic variables (that is, poverty, inequality, economic growth, education, employment, unemployment and the standard of living index) based on the ‘Borda ranking’ and establishes a relationship between city economic growth and overall city inclusive growth. Based on data for 52 large cities in India, this article finds that higher urban economic growth is associated with an increase in the growth rate of urban inequality, a reduction in the growth rate of urban poverty and a lower level of overall inclusive growth of a city, that is, urban economic growth is not inclusive.JEL Classifications: R11, D63, O15

Suggested Citation

  • Sabyasachi Tripathi, 2013. "Is Urban Economic Growth Inclusive in India?," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 7(4), pages 507-539, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:mareco:v:7:y:2013:i:4:p:507-539
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Pernia, Ernesto & Kakwani, Nanak, 2000. "What is Pro-poor Growth?," MPRA Paper 104987, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    6. Heshmati, Almas, 2004. "Growth, Inequality and Poverty Relationships," IZA Discussion Papers 1338, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    8. Dasgupta, Partha, 2001. "Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199247882.
    9. de Janvry, Alain & Sadoulet, Elisabeth, 2000. "Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America: A Causal Analysis, 1970-94," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(3), pages 267-287, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sabyasachi TRIPATHI, 2017. "How To Develop An Equitable Distribution Of Urban Gdp By Smart City Development In India," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(2), pages 131-146, December.
    2. Sabyasachi Tripathi & Kavita Mahey, 2017. "Urbanization and economic growth in Punjab (India): an empirical analysis," Urban Research & Practice, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 379-402, October.
    3. Tripathi, Sabyasachi, 2015. "Do upcoming “Smart cities” need to provide smart distribution of higher urban economic growth? Evidence from Urban India," MPRA Paper 61527, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Tripathi, Sabyasachi, 2013. "An overview of India’s Urbanization, Urban Economic Growth and Urban Equity," MPRA Paper 45537, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Sabyasachi Tripathi & Chetana Rani, 2018. "The impact of agricultural activities on urbanization: evidence and implications for India," International Journal of Urban Sciences, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 123-144, January.
    6. Azra Khan & Gulzar Khan & Sadia Safdar & Sehar Munir & Zubaria Andleeb, 2016. "Measurement and Determinants of Inclusive Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan (1990-2012)," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 55(4), pages 455-466.
    7. Vikram Chadha & Ishu Chadda, 0. "The imperative of social sector development for achieving the goal of inclusive growth in India: an analytical study," Journal of Social and Economic Development, Springer;Institute for Social and Economic Change, vol. 0, pages 1-24.
    8. Vikram Chadha & Ishu Chadda, 2020. "The imperative of social sector development for achieving the goal of inclusive growth in India: an analytical study," Journal of Social and Economic Development, Springer;Institute for Social and Economic Change, vol. 22(2), pages 355-378, December.
    9. Tripathi, Sabyasachi, 2013. "Has urban economic growth in Post-Reform India been pro-poor between 1993-94 and 2009-10?," MPRA Paper 52336, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Srinath Jagannathan & Rajnish Rai, 2017. "Organizational Wrongs, Moral Anger and the Temporality of Crisis," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 141(4), pages 709-730, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Growth; Poverty; Inequality; Inclusive Growth; Urban India;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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