IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Impact of the CAP on Agriculture and Rural Areas of EU Member States


  • Apostolos G. Papadopoulos


The article presents the main aspects of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) while also exploring the contextual parameters and impact on agriculture and rural areas of the European Union (EU) member states. CAP is one of the most important policies of the EU, having for decades occupied the major share of the region’s budget and had profound effects on farm structures, agricultural employment and rural areas, as well as wider economic, social, political, environmental and cultural implications, for old and new member states. The article is organized in five sections. The introductory section offers a brief account of the basic dimensions of the newly reformed CAP, which suggest how the CAP is destined to evolve in the near future. The next section is dedicated to the analysis of farm structures, agricultural and regional employment, agricultural incomes and regional development. The third section deals with the evolution of the CAP objectives, as well as the drivers connected to the recent CAP reforms. Next, there is a comprehensive presentation of the CAP impact on agriculture and rural areas of the member states. Finally, a number of conclusions are drawn regarding the path dependency of the CAP and its continued inefficiency on lowering social and spatial inequalities in rural areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Apostolos G. Papadopoulos, 2015. "The Impact of the CAP on Agriculture and Rural Areas of EU Member States," Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, Centre for Agrarian Research and Education for South, vol. 4(1), pages 22-53, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:agspub:v:4:y:2015:i:1:p:22-53
    DOI: 10.1177/2277976015574054

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ian Hodge, 2013. "Agri-environment policy in an era of lower government expenditure: CAP reform and conservation payments," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(2), pages 254-270, March.
    2. Tocco, Barbara & Davidova, Sophia & Bailey, Alastair, 2013. "The Impact of CAP Payments on the Exodus of Labour from Agriculture in Selected EU Member States," Working papers 160742, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    3. Marianne Lefebvre & Maria Espinosa & Sergio Gomez y Paloma & Maria Luisa Paracchini & Annette Piorr & Ingo Zasada, 2015. "Agricultural landscapes as multi-scale public good and the role of the Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 58(12), pages 2088-2112, December.
    4. Dwyer, Janet, 2013. "Transformation for sustainable agriculture: what role for the second Pillar of CAP?," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-19, April.
    5. Robert Ackrill, 2008. "The CAP and its Reform - Half a Century of Change?," EuroChoices, The Agricultural Economics Society, vol. 7(SpecialIs), pages 13-21, August.
    6. Alessandro Olper & Valentina Raimondi & Daniele Cavicchioli & Mauro Vigani, 2014. "Do CAP payments reduce farm labour migration? A panel data analysis across EU regions," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 41(5), pages 843-873.
    7. Alan Greer, 2013. "The Common Agricultural Policy and the EU budget: stasis or change?," European Journal of Government and Economics, Europa Grande, vol. 2(2), pages 119-136, December.
    8. Aurelie Trouve & Marielle Berriet-Solliec, 2010. "Regionalization in European Agricultural Policy: Institutional Actualities, Issues and Prospects," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(8), pages 1005-1017.
    9. Harvey, David R., 2004. "Policy dependency and reform: economic gains versus political pains," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 31(2-3), pages 265-275, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Davidova, Sophia & Hennessy, Thia & Thomson, Ken, 2016. "Rural Jobs and the CAP: Spitting into the Wind?," 90th Annual Conference, April 4-6, 2016, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 236364, Agricultural Economics Society.
    2. Jeremy Franks & Irina Davydova, 2006. "Marketing Strategies in Changed Circumstances: Observation from Farmers in Novosibirsk Oblast', Russia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 227-241.
    3. Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana & Hansson, Helena & Asmild, Mette & Surry, Yves, 2018. "Assessing the regional efficiency of Swedish agriculture under the CAP ‒ a multidirectional efficiency approach," 162nd Seminar, April 26-27, 2018, Budapest, Hungary 271971, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Tocco, Barbara & Bailey, Alastair & Davidova, Sophia & Raimondi, Valentina, 2015. "Women and Part-Time Farming: Understanding Labor Supply Decisions in Italian Farm Households," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211932, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Danilo Bertoni & Daniele Cavicchioli & Franco Donzelli & Giovanni Ferrazzi & Dario G. Frisio & Roberto Pretolani & Elena Claire Ricci & Vera Ventura, 2018. "Recent Contributions of Agricultural Economics Research in the Field of Sustainable Development," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-20, December.
    6. Oriana Gava & Fabio Bartolini & Francesca Venturi & Gianluca Brunori & Angela Zinnai & Alberto Pardossi, 2018. "A Reflection of the Use of the Life Cycle Assessment Tool for Agri-Food Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(1), pages 1-16, December.
    7. Matthews, Alan & Salvatici, Luca & Scoppola, Margherita, 2017. "Trade Impacts of Agricultural Support in the EU," Commissioned Papers 252767, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    8. Wojciech Sroka & Michał Dudek & Tomasz Wojewodzic & Karol Król, 2019. "Generational Changes in Agriculture: The Influence of Farm Characteristics and Socio-Economic Factors," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-27, December.
    9. Vanni, Francesco & Cardillo, Concetta, 2013. "The effects of CAP greening on Italian agriculture," Politica Agricola Internazionale - International Agricultural Policy, Edizioni L'Informatore Agrario, issue 3, September.
    10. van Zanten, Boris T. & Zasada, Ingo & Koetse, Mark J. & Ungaro, Fabrizio & Häfner, Kati & Verburg, Peter H., 2016. "A comparative approach to assess the contribution of landscape features to aesthetic and recreational values in agricultural landscapes," Ecosystem Services, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 87-98.
    11. Garrone, Maria & Emmers, Dorien & Olper, Alessandro & Swinnen, Johan, 2019. "Jobs and agricultural policy: Impact of the common agricultural policy on EU agricultural employment," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-1.
    12. Martina Novotná & Tomáš Volek, 2016. "The Significance of Farm Size in the Evaluation of Labour Productivity in Agriculture," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 64(1), pages 333-340.
    13. Matteo Zavalloni & Meri Raggi & Davide Viaggi, 2016. "Assessing Collective Measures in Rural Policy: The Effect of Minimum Participation Rules on the Distribution of Benefits from Irrigation Infrastructure," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-19, December.
    14. May, Daniel & Arancibia, Sara & Behrendt, Karl & Adams, John, 2019. "Preventing young farmers from leaving the farm: Investigating the effectiveness of the young farmer payment using a behavioural approach," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 317-327.
    15. Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana & Hansson, Helena & Asmild, Mette & Surry, Yves, 2021. "Exploring the regional efficiency of the Swedish agricultural sector during the CAP reforms ‒ multi-directional efficiency analysis approach," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    16. Jane Mills & Peter Gaskell & Julie Ingram & Janet Dwyer & Matt Reed & Christopher Short, 2017. "Engaging farmers in environmental management through a better understanding of behaviour," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 34(2), pages 283-299, June.
    17. Saint-Cyr, Legrand D. F., 2016. "Accounting for farm heterogeneity in the assessment of agricultural policy impacts on structural change," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 235778, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    18. Artiom Volkov & Tomas Balezentis & Mangirdas Morkunas & Dalia Streimikiene, 2019. "In a Search for Equity: Do Direct Payments under the Common Agricultural Policy Induce Convergence in the European Union?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(12), pages 1-15, June.
    19. Tocco, Barbara & Davidova, Sophia & Bailey, Alastair, 2013. "The Impact of CAP Payments on the Exodus of Labour from Agriculture in Selected EU Member States," Working papers 160742, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    20. Rizov, Marian & Davidova, Sophia & Bailey, Alastair, 2019. "Employment effects of CAP payments in the UK non-farm economy," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 147-161.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:agspub:v:4:y:2015:i:1:p:22-53. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (SAGE Publications). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.