IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Placing Agriculture within Rural Development: Evidence from EU Case Studies


  • Carmen Hubbard

    (Centre for Rural Economy, School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England)

  • Matthew Gorton

    (Business School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England)


In the light of four competing models for rural development (agrarian, exogenous, endogenous, and neo-endogenous) we evaluate the relationship between agriculture, agricultural policy, and rural development in five regions in established EU member states: Borders, Midlands, and Western Region (Ireland), Navarra (Spain), Tyrol (Austria), Skåne (Sweden), and Altmark (Germany). Evidence suggests that both the agrarian and exogenous models are anachronistic. However, the Common Agricultural Policy remains closest to the agrarian model of rural development, and in its current form fails to promote a wider rural and territorial development. The LEADER programme, which is often perceived as a viable alternative approach to rural development, fits most closely with the neo-endogenous rather than with the endogenous model. Nevertheless, for EU policy to fully embody the neo-endogenous model a far more fundamental reform of the CAP would be required than that agreed in the wake of the Health Check.

Suggested Citation

  • Carmen Hubbard & Matthew Gorton, 2011. "Placing Agriculture within Rural Development: Evidence from EU Case Studies," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 29(1), pages 80-95, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envirc:v:29:y:2011:i:1:p:80-95
    DOI: 10.1068/c1031r

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rizov, Marian, 2006. "Rural development perspectives in enlarging Europe: The implications of CAP reforms and agricultural transition in accession countries," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 219-238.
    2. Matthew Gorton, 1999. "Spatial variations in markets served by UK-based small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(1), pages 39-55, January.
    3. Mark Scott, 2002. "Delivering Integrated Rural Development: Insights from Northern Ireland," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(8), pages 1013-1025, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Sophia Davidova & Lena Fredriksson & Matthew Gorton & Plamen Mishev & Dan Petrovici, 2012. "Subsistence Farming, Incomes, and Agricultural Livelihoods in the New Member States of the European Union," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 30(2), pages 209-227, April.
    2. Mariia Ilina, 2015. "Financial mechanisms supporting social and economic development of rural territories in EU," Economics of Nature and the Environment, Mykhaylo Khvesyk, pages 173-187.
    3. Stefan Hartman & Gert De Roo, 2013. "Towards Managing Nonlinear Regional Development Trajectories," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 31(3), pages 556-570, June.
    4. Neil Lyee & Marc Cowling, 2015. "Do Rural Firms Perceive Different Problems? Geography, Sorting, and Barriers to Growth in UK SMEs," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 33(1), pages 25-42, February.
    5. Apostolos G. Papadopoulos, 2015. "The Impact of the CAP on Agriculture and Rural Areas of EU Member States," Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, Centre for Agrarian Research and Education for South, vol. 4(1), pages 22-53, April.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bryła, Paweł, 2009. "Determinanty Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości Na Obszarach Wiejskich Ze Szczególnym Uwzględnieniem Doświadczeń Wynikających Z Implementacji Programu Sapard," Village and Agriculture (Wieś i Rolnictwo), Polish Academy of Sciences (IRWiR PAN), Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, vol. 2(143).
    2. Blacksell Mark, 2010. "Agriculture and landscape in the 21st century Europe: the post-communist transition," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 2(1), pages 13-24, January.
    3. Alboiu, Cornelia, 2011. "Farmers’ Choices In The Vegetable Supply Chain: Problems And Possibilities," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 8(2), pages 221-234.
    4. Amanda Mackloet & Veronique A.J.M. Schutjens & Piet Korteweg, 2006. "Home-Based Business: Exploring the Place Attachment of Entrepreneurs," ERSA conference papers ersa06p694, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Thelma Quince & Hugh Whittaker, 2002. "Close Encounters: Evidence of the potential benefits of proximity to local industrial clusters," Working Papers wp235, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    6. Nicola Galluzzo, 2017. "Impact of CAP Financial Subsidies on Rural Development and Emigration in Bulgarian Rural Areas," International Conference on Competitiveness of Agro-food and Environmental Economy Proceedings, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, vol. 6, pages 50-61.
    7. Rizov, Marian, 2005. "Rural development under the European CAP: The role of diversity," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 42(4), pages 621-628.
    8. Matthew Gorton & Angela Tregear, 2008. "Government Support to Regional Food Producers: An Assessment of England's Regional Food Strategy," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 26(6), pages 1047-1060, December.
    9. Roose Antti & Sepp Kalev, 2010. "Monitoring framework for assessing changes of the Estonian rural landscape in adopting European agricultural policies," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 2(1), pages 42-59, January.
    10. Barbara Roszkowska-Mądra, 2009. "Koncepcje rozwoju europejskiego rolnictwa i obszarów wiejskich," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 10, pages 83-102.
    11. Marek Furmankiewicz & Adrian Campbell, 2019. "From Single-Use Community Facilities Support to Integrated Sustainable Development: The Aims of Inter-Municipal Cooperation in Poland, 1990–2018," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(21), pages 1-21, October.
    12. Thuessen Annette Aagaard & Nielsen Niels Christian, 2014. "A Territorial Perspective On Eu´S Leader Approach In Denmark: The Added Value Of Community-Led Local Development Of Rural And Coastal Areas In A Multi-Level Governance Settings," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 6(4), pages 307-326, December.
    13. repec:rre:publsh:v:40:y:2010:i:1:p:71-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Vigdis Boasson & Alan MacPherson, 2001. "The Role of Geographic Location in the Financial and Innovation Performance of Publicly Traded Pharmaceutical Companies: Empirical Evidence from the Untied States," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 33(8), pages 1431-1444, August.
    15. Fischer, Christian & Hartmann, Monika & Reynolds, Nikolai & Leat, Philip M.K. & Revoredo-Giha, Cesar & Henchion, Maeve M. & Gracia, Azucena, 2008. "Agri-food chain relationships in Europe – empirical evidence and implications for sector competitiveness," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44265, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    16. Panyik, Emese & Costa, Carlos & Rátz, Tamara, 2011. "Implementing integrated rural tourism: An event-based approach," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1352-1363.
    17. Fernando Mata & Maria J. P. L. Dos-Santos, 2024. "European Citizens’ Evaluation of the Common Agricultural Policy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 16(10), pages 1-19, May.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:envirc:v:29:y:2011:i:1:p:80-95. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: SAGE Publications (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.