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The Effect of Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy on Ghana’s Economic Growth: Which Policy Is More Potent?

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  • Emmanuel Dodzi K. Havi
  • Patrick Enu

Abstract

The aims of this study were to examine the relative importance of monetary policy and fiscal policy on economic growth in Ghana and then determine which of these two policies is more powerful in promoting economic growth in Ghana. The study period was from 1980 to 2012. The method of Ordinary Least Squares estimation technique was used in this study. The results obtained from the three multiple regressions were spurious free. The study revealed that monetary policy impacts on the Ghanaian economy positively. Also, the study found that fiscal policy affected the Ghanaian economy positively. Finally, the study revealed that monetary policy is more powerful in promoting economic growth in Ghana. The study recommends that monetary policies implemented by the Bank of Ghana should promote favorable investment atmosphere through appropriate stabilization of interest rates, lending rates, inflationary rates, and exchange rates to promote and ensure economic growth, economic stability, economic sustainability and economic development in Ghana.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Dodzi K. Havi & Patrick Enu, 2014. "The Effect of Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy on Ghana’s Economic Growth: Which Policy Is More Potent?," International Journal of Empirical Finance, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 3(2), pages 61-75.
  • Handle: RePEc:rss:jnljef:v3i2p3
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    3. Enock Nyorekwa Twinoburyo & Nicholas M Odhiambo, 2018. "Can Monetary Policy drive economic growth? Empirical evidence from Tanzania," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 12(2), June.
    4. Joof, Foday, 2021. "The Co-Movement between Foreign Reserves, Economic Growth and Money Supply: Evidence from the WAMZ Countries," MPRA Paper 110193, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Taderera, Christie & Runganga, Raynold & Mhaka, Simbarashe & Mishi, Syden, 2021. "Inflation, interest rate and economic growth nexuses in SACU countries," MPRA Paper 105419, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Nizam Ahmed Mehedi, 2021. "On The Contribution of Interest Expense (Income) on Total Output," Open Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 31-56, January.
    7. Tekilu Tadesse & Tesfaye Melaku, 2019. "Analysis Of The Relative Impact Of Monetary And Fiscal Policies On Economic Growth In Ethiopia, Using Ardl Approach To Co-Integration: Which Policy Is More Potent?," Copernican Journal of Finance & Accounting, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 8(2), pages 87-115.
    8. Huthaifa Alqaralleh & Ahmad Al-Saraireh & Hassan Alamro, 2018. "Interaction Between Fiscal Policy and Economic Fluctuation: A Case Study for Jordan," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 8(6), pages 107-111.

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