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Employee motivation and organizational performance


  • Ovidiu Iliuta Dobre

    (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies)


The majority of organizations are competing to survive in this volatile and fierce market environment. Motivation and performance of the employees are essential tools for the success of any organization in the long run. On the one hand, measuring performance is critical to organization's management, as it highlights the evolution and achievement of the organization. On the other hand, there is a positive relationship between employee motivation and organizational effectiveness, reflected in numerous studies. This paper aims to analyze the drivers of employee motivation to high levels of organizational performance. The literature shows that factors such as empowerment and recognition increase employee motivation. If the empowerment and recognition of employees is increased, their motivation to work will also improve, as well as their accomplishments and the organizational performance. Nevertheless, employee dissatisfactions caused by monotonous jobs and pressure from clients, might weaken the organizational performance. Therefore, jobs absenteeism rates may increase and employees might leave the organization to joint competitors that offer better work conditions and higher incentives. Not all individuals are the same, so each one should be motivated using different strategies. For example, one employee may be motivated by higher commission, while another might be motivated by job satisfaction or a better work environment.

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  • Ovidiu Iliuta Dobre, 2013. "Employee motivation and organizational performance," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 5(1), pages 53-60, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:5:y:2013:i:1:p:53-60

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lazonick, William & O'Sullivan, Mary, 1996. "Organization, Finance and International Competition," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 1-49.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bettye Holston Okae, 2018. "The Effect of Employee Turnover in the Hospitality Industry: Quantitative Correlational Study," International Journal of Learning and Development, Macrothink Institute, vol. 8(1), pages 156-183, March.
    2. Treľová Silvia & Olšavský František, 2017. "Employee Satisfaction with Training Opportunities and its Relation to Internal Marketing," HOLISTICA – Journal of Business and Public Administration, Sciendo, vol. 8(2), pages 7-16, August.
    3. Indranil Bose, 2018. "Employee Empowerment and Employee Performance: An Empirical Study on Selected Banks in UAE," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 7(2), pages 71-82, May.
    4. Tareq N. Hashem, 2017. "Call Center Workers Emotional Labor and its Influence on their Performance in Dealing with Senior Citizens in Jordan Telecommunication Companies," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 10(9), pages 106-115, September.
    5. Claudiu Boțoc & Sorana Vătavu & Leontin Gheorghe, 2019. "Is Continuous Training Relevant to Employees and Sustainable Development ? Evidence from Timis County," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(1), pages 365-370, August.
    6. Petković Nebojša M. & Rapajić Milan M., 2021. "The Influence of Internal Communication on Employees Motivation in Organizations in Serbia," Economic Themes, Sciendo, vol. 59(4), pages 515-523, December.
    7. Hale Özgit & Fatoş Silman, 2018. "Evaluation of the organizational personalities of the tourism schools in Cyprus: a comparative case study," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 115-128, December.
    8. Ingrida Košičiarová & Zdenka Kádeková & Peter Štarchoň, 2021. "Leadership and Motivation as Important Aspects of the International Company’s Corporate Culture," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-25, April.
    9. Em Yusuf Iis* & Mukhlis Yunus & Muhammad Adam & Hizir Sofyan, 2018. "Antecedent Model of Empowerment and Performance of Aceh Government With Motivation as the Intervening Variable," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 743-747:2.
    10. Matović Ivana Marinović, 2019. "Comparative Analysis of Executive Compensation in the Republic of Serbia and EU Countries," Economic Themes, Sciendo, vol. 57(2), pages 181-200, June.
    11. Wang Hongxin & Mohammed Arshad Khan & Jian Zhenqiang & Laura-Mariana Cismaș & Mohammad Athar Ali & Usama Saleem & Lucia Negruț, 2022. "Unleashing the Role of CSR and Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior for Organizational Success: The Role of Connectedness to Nature," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(6), pages 1-22, March.
    12. Myroslava P. Vovk & Halyna I. Sotska & Olena V. Trynus & Olga Ja. Muzyka, 2019. "Assessment of Instructors’ Technology Competency to be Used in the Settings of Formal and Non-Formal Education," International Journal of Higher Education, Sciedu Press, vol. 8(5), pages 1-29, October.
    13. Eka Ariestiana & Yelli Eka, 2021. "Effect of work environment and incentives giving on employee performance in Belimobilgue Bandung (Case Study in Belimobilgue Region Bandung Research Period 2020)," TechHub Journal, TechHub Research, vol. 25(1), pages 463-475, November.
    14. Eka Ariestiana & Yelli Eka, 2021. "Effect of work environment and incentives giving on employee performance in Belimobilgue Bandung (Case Study in Belimobilgue Region Bandung Research Period 2020)," Technium Social Sciences Journal, Technium Science, vol. 25(1), pages 463-475, November.
    15. Micu Angela-Eliza & Necula Ramona Valentina, 2018. "The Motivation as Managerial Tool for Increasing Professional Performance. National Challenges and European Perspectives," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(2), pages 503-508, December.
    16. Barffour Samuel Kyei & Ampofo Isaac Atta Junior, 2021. "Appraising Teachers’ Performance In The Ghana Education Service: A Case Of Birim Central Directorate Of Ghana Education Service (G.E.S.)," Education, Sustainability & Society (ESS), Zibeline International Publishing, vol. 4(1), pages 15-24, April.
    17. Mitchell, Robert & Schuster, Lisa & Jin, Hyun Seung, 2020. "Gamification and the impact of extrinsic motivation on needs satisfaction: Making work fun?," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 323-330.
    18. Chatterjee, Sidharta, 2015. "Teleological Dynamics of Organizational Performance: From Process to Practice and Performance," MPRA Paper 68530, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Qaiser Suleman & Makhdoom Ali Syed & Saqib Shehzad & Ishtiaq Hussain & Alam Zeb Khattak & Irfan Ullah Khan & Muhammad Amjid & Iqleem Khan, 2021. "Leadership empowering behaviour as a predictor of employees’ psychological well-being: Evidence from a cross-sectional study among secondary school teachers in Kohat Division, Pakistan," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 16(7), pages 1-23, July.
    20. Jiří Bejtkovský, 2018. "Employee Voice: an Employee Satisfaction Level by Selected Healthcare Service Providers in the Czech Republic," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 66(6), pages 1407-1416.
    21. Pohle, Anna & Villani, Elisa & Grimaldi, Rosa, 2022. "Personnel motivation in knowledge transfer offices: The role of university-level and organizational-level antecedents," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 181(C).
    22. Burja Vasile & Avram Teodora Maria, 2018. "The Analysis Of The Economic Growth Capacity In The Romanian Clothing Industry," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 2, pages 36-43, April.

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    More about this item


    motivation; organizational performance; empowerment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management


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