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Impact of light rail implementation on labor market accessibility: A transportation equity perspective

  • Fan, Yingling

    ()

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Guthrie, Andrew E

    ()

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Levinson, David M

    ()

    (University of Minnesota)

This study seeks to examine transit’s role in promoting social equity by assessing before-after impacts of recent transit changes in the Twin Cities, including opening of the Hiawatha light rail line, on job accessibility among workers of different wage categories. Geo-spatial, descriptive and regression analyses find that proximity to light rail stations and bus stops offering direct rail connections are associated with large, statistically significant gains in accessibility to low-wage jobs. These gains stand out from changes in accessibility for the transit system as a whole. Implications of the study results for informing more equitable transit polices are discussed.

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Article provided by Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota in its journal The Journal of Transport and Land Use.

Volume (Year): 5 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 28-39

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Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0089
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu

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  1. Ong, Paul M. & Houston, Douglas, 2002. "Transit, Employment and Women on Welfare," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3287s046, University of California Transportation Center.
  2. Neil Bania & Laura Leete & Claudia Coulton, 2008. "Job Access, Employment and Earnings: Outcomes for Welfare Leavers in a US Urban Labour Market," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(11), pages 2179-2202, October.
  3. Mizuki Kawabata, 2003. "Job access and employment among low-skilled autoless workers in US metropolitan areas," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 35(9), pages 1651-1668, September.
  4. Rappaport, Jordan & Kahn, Matthew E. & Glaeser, Edward, 2008. "Why Do The Poor Live In Cities? The Role of Public Transportation," Scholarly Articles 2958224, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. Sanchez, Thomas W., 2008. "Poverty, policy, and public transportation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 833-841, June.
  6. Blumenberg, Evelyn A. & Ong, Paul M. & Mondschein, Andrew, 2002. "Uneven Access to Opportunities: Welfare Recipients, Jobs, and Employment Support Services in Los Angeles," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3mq0b5j4, University of California Transportation Center.
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