Impact of light rail implementation on labor market accessibility: A transportation equity perspective
This study seeks to examine transit’s role in promoting social equity by assessing before-after impacts of recent transit changes in the Twin Cities, including opening of the Hiawatha light rail line, on job accessibility among workers of different wage categories. Geo-spatial, descriptive and regression analyses find that proximity to light rail stations and bus stops offering direct rail connections are associated with large, statistically significant gains in accessibility to low-wage jobs. These gains stand out from changes in accessibility for the transit system as a whole. Implications of the study results for informing more equitable transit polices are discussed.
Volume (Year): 5 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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- Mizuki Kawabata, 2003. "Job access and employment among low-skilled autoless workers in US metropolitan areas," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 35(9), pages 1651-1668, September.
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- Rappaport, Jordan & Kahn, Matthew E. & Glaeser, Edward, 2008.
"Why Do The Poor Live In Cities? The Role of Public Transportation,"
2958224, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Glaeser, Edward L. & Kahn, Matthew E. & Rappaport, Jordan, 2008. "Why do the poor live in cities The role of public transportation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-24, January.
- Sanchez, Thomas W., 2008. "Poverty, policy, and public transportation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 833-841, June.
- Ong, Paul M. & Houston, Douglas, 2002. "Transit, Employment and Women on Welfare," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3287s046, University of California Transportation Center.
- Blumenberg, Evelyn A. & Ong, Paul M. & Mondschein, Andrew, 2002. "Uneven Access to Opportunities: Welfare Recipients, Jobs, and Employment Support Services in Los Angeles," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3mq0b5j4, University of California Transportation Center.
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